In the Journals Plus

Despite guidelines, more than 100 ways PPE doffing process can fail

Gurses AP, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.292.
Experts at Johns Hopkins Hospital identified more than 100 ways that health care workers can potentially self-contaminate while doffing personal…
In the Journals Plus

1-hour, 2-hour OGTT similarly predict prediabetes in adolescent girls

Kasturi K, et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/pedi.12803.
In adolescent girls with obesity, a 1-hour oral glucose tolerance test demonstrated diagnostic accuracy similar to that of a 2-hour OGTT for…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Denosumab superior to bisphosphonate therapy for building BMD

Lyu H, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-02236.
The human monoclonal antibody denosumab more effectively increases bone mass in patients with low bone mineral density or osteoporosis when compared…
In the Journals Plus

Point-of-care test differentiates Ebola from similar diseases in 30 minutes

Sebba D, et al. Sci Transl Med. 2018;10,eaat0944.
Researchers have developed a 30-minute, portable diagnostic test that distinguishes Ebola virus infections from other endemic diseases with similar…
In the Journals Plus

2-dose regimen of dalbavancin effectively treats osteomyelitis

Rappo U, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy331.
A two-dose regimen of dalbavancin — a long-acting lipoglycopeptide antibiotic approved for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin…
In the Journals Plus

Thyrotoxicosis hospitalization vs. outpatient treatment more likely for adults without health insurance

Rivas AM, et al. Thyroid. 2018;doi:10.1089/thy.2018.0353.
Among adults with thyrotoxicosis and associated complications, risk for hospitalization is higher among those without health insurance and lower for…
In the Journals Plus

Meal replacement during pregnancy fails to reduce postpartum weight retention

Phelan S, et al. Obesity. 2018;doi:10.1002/oby.22361.
Replacing two meals each day with meal replacement shakes or bars during pregnancy can reduce gestational weight gain, but the effects do not carry…
In the Journals Plus

Radical prostatectomy prolongs life expectancy of men with prostate cancer

Bill-Axelson A, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMoal807801.
Men with clinically detected, localized prostate cancer and long life expectancies gained an average of 2.9 years of life after undergoing radical…
In the Journals Plus

Koala bites cause wound infections in Australia

Sinclair HA, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.3201/eid2501.171359.
Three people in Queensland, Australia, were infected with a Lonepinella koalarum-like bacteria after being bitten by koalas, researchers reported in…
In the Journals Plus

Growing prevalence of excess body weight increasing global cancer burden

Sung H, et al. Ca Cancer J Clin. 2018;doi:10.3322/caac.21499.
The increasing prevalence of excess body weight, which was responsible for approximately 3.9% of all cancers worldwide in 2012, is driven by multiple…
In the Journals Plus

Weight-loss results improve with less alcohol consumption

Chao AM, et al. Obesity. 2018;doi:10.1002/oby.22316.
Consuming alcohol negatively affects long-term weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes and obesity, according to findings published in…
In the Journals Plus

Osteoporosis screening guidelines fail to identify fracture risk in younger postmenopausal women

Crandall CJ, et al. J Bone Miner Res. 2018;doi:10.1002/jbmr.3636.
Current osteoporosis screening and treatment guidelines in the United States and Canada have low sensitivity for identifying younger postmenopausal…
In the Journals Plus

Levothyroxine therapy in HF may increase risk for death

Einfeldt MN, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-01604.
Among patients with heart failure, levothyroxine therapy may increase risk for all-cause death, major adverse cardiovascular events and CV death…
In the Journals Plus

Pegbelfermin improves lipid profile in type 2 diabetes with obesity

Charles ED, et al. Obesity. 2018;doi:10.1002/oby.22344.
Treatment with pegbelfermin for 12 weeks improved lipid profile in adults with obesity, type 2 diabetes and a predisposition for nonalcoholic fatty…
In the Journals Plus

Mass drug administration leads to rapid, partial reduction of malaria

Chaeuea V, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093.infdis/jiy686.
Mass drug administration with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine was able to rapidly interrupt malaria transmission in four villages in Myanmar where the…
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