In the Journals Plus

MSSA hospital costs may soon exceed those of MRSA

Klein EY et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy399.
Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus has begun to incur similar hospitalization costs and may ultimately exceed those of MRSA, researchers…
In the Journals Plus

Seafood intake may influence time to pregnancy among couples trying to conceive

Gaskins AJ, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-00385.
Couples in which both partners consume at least two servings of seafood per week are more likely to report pregnancy within 12 months and a greater…
In the Journals Plus

Belief in fake causes of cancer appears widespread

Shahab L, et al. Eur J Cancer. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2018.03.029.
The general population demonstrated poor knowledge of actual and mythical causes of cancer, according to survey results conducted in England and…
In the Journals Plus

Cabozantinib improved time to deterioration, but not quality of life for renal cell carcinoma

Cella D, et al. J Clin Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1200/JCO.2007.13.5145.
Cabozantinib appeared associated with improved time to deterioration compared with chemotherapy among patients with renal cell carcinoma, according…
In the Journals Plus

Study shows real-world effectiveness of PCV13 among US seniors

McLaughlin JM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy312.
The 13-valent pneumococcal vaccine had an unadjusted vaccine effectiveness of around 73% against vaccine-type community-acquired pneumonia in the…
In the Journals Plus

Low-fat diet improves breast cancer survival

Chlebowski RT, et al. JAMA Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.1212.
Women diagnosed with breast cancer while eating a low-fat diet had better OS than those who ate a usual diet, according to a secondary analysis of a…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Smoking during prostate cancer treatment increases risk for metastases, mortality

Foerster B, et al. JAMA Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.1071.
Freedland SJ. JAMA Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.1070.
Patients who smoked during treatment for localized prostate cancer faced an increased risk for biochemical recurrence, metastasis and cancer-specific…
In the Journals Plus

Anxiety levels may predict fracture risk in postmenopausal women

Catalano A, et al. Menopause. 2018;doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000001123.
Among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, higher anxiety levels increased risk for bone fracture, according to findings published in…
In the Journals Plus

Early pregnancy obesity, overweight linked to neurodevelopmental delay in offspring

Girchenko P, et al. Int J Obes. 2018;doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0061-x.
Children born to women with overweight or obesity during the early stages of pregnancy have a greater risk for neurodevelopmental delays than those…
In the Journals Plus

Two mcr resistance genes found in E. coli on commercial poultry farm

Xiang R, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018;doi:10.1128/AAC.00501-18.
Researchers identified a strain of Escherichia coli carrying two colistin-resistance genes, mcr-1 and a variant of mcr-3, on a single plasmid. The…
In the Journals Plus

Incidence of lung cancer greater among young women

Jemal A, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1715907.
Age-specific incidence of lung cancer decreased among both men and women aged 30 to 54 years across all races and ethnicities, according to results…
In the Journals Plus

ASCO updates guidelines on outpatient management of fever, neutropenia

Taplitz RA, et al. J Clin Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1200/JCO.2017.77.6211.
Clinical judgment should be used to determine which patients being treated for malignancy are eligible for outpatient management of fever and…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Procalcitonin-based guidance fails to significantly reduce antibiotic use

Huang DT, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1802670.
Results of the multicenter, randomized controlled ProACT trial showed that procalcitonin-based guidance did not have a significant impact on…
In the Journals Plus

ASCO updates fertility preservation guidelines

Oktay K, et al. J Clin Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1200/JCO.2018.78.1914.
Health care providers should discuss fertility preservation with patients as early as possible, according to updated ASCO guidelines. The guideline…
In the Journals Plus

Air pollution may function as endocrine disruptor in boys

Huang JV, et al. Int J Obes. 2018;doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0070-9.
Exposure to air pollution in utero, in infancy and in childhood affects BMI in childhood and early adolescence, with a stronger association…
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