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Extended red blood cell storage does not increase in-hospital mortality

Cook RJ, et al. Lancet Haematol. 2017;doi:10.1016/S2352-3026(17)30169-2.
Gehrie EA and Tobian AAR. Lancet Haematol. 2017;doi:10.1016/S2352-3026(17)30179-5.
Transfusing red blood cells stored longer than 35 days did not increase risk for in-hospital death compared with fresh blood, according to a…
In the Journals Plus

Prevalence of secondary cancers underscores need for trial inclusion

Murphy CC, et al. JAMA Oncol. 2017;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2017.3605.
A quarter of older adults newly diagnosed with cancer from 2009 to 2013 had a prior cancer history, according to an observational study published in…
In the Journals Plus

Long-term GH increases height, not growth potential in juvenile arthritis

Simon D, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-01455.
Researchers in France reported that although long-term treatment with growth hormone improved growth in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Patients often change behavior after recurrent C. difficile infection

Weaver FM, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2017;doi:10.1017/ice.2017.208.
Many patients who have had repeated Clostridium difficile infections change their behaviors in hopes of preventing future infection, according to
In the Journals Plus

Short-term sitagliptin therapy preserves beta-cell function in women with PCOS, obesity

Ferjan S, et al. Endocr Pract. 2017;doi:10.4158/EP-2017-0027.
Among women with polycystic ovary syndrome and obesity participating in a lifestyle intervention, those who were assigned the DPP-IV inhibitor…
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Joint endocrinologist-nephrologist clinic reduced diabetic kidney disease progression

Low S, et al. J Diabetes. 2017;doi:10.1111/jdb.12626.
Patients with type 2 diabetes and stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease who attended a joint endocrinologist-nephrologist diabetic kidney disease…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Despite declines in sugar-sweetened beverage intake, consumption stable among Hispanics

Bleich SN, et al. Obesity. 2017;doi:10.1002/oby.22056.
Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in the United States declined between 2003 and 2014 in both children and adults, but consumption rates remained…
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Homemade alcoholic drink causes mass poisoning in Mozambique

Gudo ES, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2017;doi:10.1093/cid/cix1005.
On the evening of Jan. 9, 2015, 51 patients arrived at a health center in rural Mozambique with similar symptoms, including sudden weakness…
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Primary prevention improves colorectal cancer survival over early detection

Doroudi M, et al. Cancer. 2017;doi:10.1002/cncr.31034.
Segnan N and Armaroli P. Cancer. 2017;doi:10.1002/cncr.31032.
Primary prevention of colorectal cancer through the removal of adenomatous polyps led to greater mortality reductions than early detection of the…
In the Journals Plus

Bone loss remains elevated 5 years after RYGB vs. sleeve gastrectomy

Crawford MR, et al. Endocr Pract. 2017;doi:10.4158/EP-2017-0072.
Adults with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes and obesity treated with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery vs. sleeve gastrectomy or intensive medical…
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2 studies underscore high CV risk in primary aldosteronism, despite treatment

Funder JW. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017;doi:10.1016/s2213-8587(17)30368-6.
Patients with primary aldosteronism have markedly increased risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, including stroke and coronary artery…
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Oral insulin pill ineffective for delaying, preventing type 1 diabetes progression

Writing Committee for the Type 1 Diabetes TrialNet Oral Insulin Study Group. JAMA. 2017;doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17070.
The risk for type 1 diabetes development was not decreased in autoantibody-positive relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes randomly assigned to…
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Many cancers associated with modifiable risk factors

Islami F, et al. CA Cancer J Clin. 2017;doi:10.3322/caac.21440.
Cigarette smoking, excess body weight and alcohol intake represented the three most prevalent modifiable risk factors for cancer, according to an…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Thyroid cancer increases CVD morbidity risk

Pajamaki N, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2017;doi:10.1111/cen.13519.
Adults treated for differentiated thyroid cancer have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease morbidity compared with those without cancer; and…
In the Journals Plus

HPV testing more effective than Pap smear for detecting cervical cancer

Schiffman M, et al. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2017;doi: 10.1093/jnci/djx225.
Cotesting women for cervical cancer using a combination of HPV test and Pap smear did not detect cancers that could not be identified by HPV

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