Survey shows significant gender pay gap in gynecologic oncology
Female gynecologic oncologists who work in academic settings make significantly less money than their male peers, according to survey results presented at the virtual Society of Gynecologic Oncology Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer.
Female gynecologic oncologists reported a median annual salary of $380,000, compared with $500,000 for men.
“The hope was for there to be no difference between male and female physician compensation, but it was not surprising that a significant difference was present,” Katherine Croft, MD, fellow in the department of obstetrics and gynecology at University of Virginia School of Medicine, told Healio.
Women represent approximately one-third of practicing physicians. Their salaries have lagged behind those of men, even after adjustment for years of experience, Croft said.
Prior data published by Association of American Medical Colleges revealed a pay gap based on sex in the broader field of obstetrics and gynecology, Croft said. She and colleagues conducted their study to assess whether a similar gap existed in gynecologic oncology.
Researchers sent an anonymous survey to Society of Gynecologic Oncology members to evaluate compensation of gynecologic oncologists by sex, stratified by practice setting. They used logistic regression modeling to determine contributors to odds of making at or above median salary.
Researchers obtained responses from 263 physicians (59% men). More than 97% of respondents reported full-time practice, and a greater proportion of women reported working in an academic institution (47% vs. 43%; P = .028). Men were more likely to respond to obstetrical emergencies (P = .04) and to receive compensation for extra call (P = .03).
Researchers observed no differences in group practice size, percent protected research time, frequency of call or geographic location between women and men surveyed.
Median salary reported for women was $380,000 vs. $500,000 for men, equating to a difference of $120,000 (95% CI, 84,706-169,103).
When the researchers adjusted for frequency of call and practice volume, they found a discrepancy in compensation only in the academic practice setting (P = .04). Moreover, more than 75% of female respondents who practice in an academic setting reported making below the median salary for gynecologic oncologists included in the survey.
Even after adjusting for age and years after fellowship, male sex remained a statistically significant contributor to compensation, with odds of making above the median salary of 1.54 (95% CI, 1.27-1.87).
“These findings suggest a signal of a discrepancy in gynecologic oncology compensation by gender, but additional data are necessary to confirm our findings,” Croft told Healio. “There is undoubtedly bias in the results because the study was based on a survey with a low response rate. There may also be nuances that were not queried and, therefore, not accounted for in regression modeling, and our findings do not shed light on how to change the current situation.”
Policy reform is required to ensure equitable compensation, Croft and colleagues concluded. – by Jennifer Southall
Croft K, et al. Abstract 15. Presented at: Society of Gynecologic Cancer Annual Meeting; March 28-31, 2020 (virtual meeting).
Disclosures: Croft reports no relevant financial disclosures. Please see the abstract for all other authors’ relevant financial disclosures.