One-third of adults with acromegaly make medication dosing errors
A real-world analysis of adults with acromegaly suggests that most patients prescribed the growth hormone blocker pegvisomant take the drug as directed but that one-third make critical dosing errors, potentially affecting disease control, according to findings published in Pituitary.
“Pivotal studies in patients with acromegaly treated with pegvisomant showed efficacy rates of 90%,” Laura Sanchez-Cenizo, PhD, a medical adviser with Pfizer in Madrid, and colleagues wrote in the study background. “However, data from observational studies showed that long-term effectiveness in a normal clinical setting could be lower (67%), which may be related to an insufficient dose titration, poor patient compliance or to inadequate reconstitution and/or administration of treatment.”
Sanchez-Cenizo and colleagues analyzed data from 108 patients with acromegaly prescribed pegvisomant (Somavert, Pfizer) therapy for at least 12 months participating in PEGASO, an observational, cross-sectional study conducted during endocrinology consultations in acromegaly referral hospitals in Spain (60.2% women; mean age, 55 years; mean disease duration, 11.3 years). Researchers used clinical records to review acromegaly history and comorbidities and assessed insulin-like growth factor I levels to determine acromegaly control. Patient adherence to treatment was assessed via two validated questionnaires and a prescription record review. Researchers asked study participants to simulate the preparation and administration of pegvisomant as they normally would at home and noted potential errors in the process.
Within the cohort, 52% presented with at least four comorbid conditions, and 85% had undergone pituitary surgery before pegvisomant treatment. Mean duration of pegvisomant treatment was 5.9 years, and mean daily dose was 15.2 mg per day, with 60.2% of patients administering pegvisomant daily and 39.8% following alternative dosing schedules, according to researchers.
Researchers found that 90.6% of patients were adherent to pegvisomant treatment, and 72.2% of patients presented with controlled acromegaly as measured by IGF-I levels. According to questionnaire data, patients overall reported high satisfaction and convenience with the treatment.
After observing patient administration of treatment, the researchers found that 34.3% made at least one mistake at some phase of the reconstitution/administration procedure. Among mixing mistakes, 10.8% made errors during steps 4 through 6, including diluent collection and injection of diluent into the pegvisomant vial, which researchers defined as “critical steps.”
In assessing administration errors, researchers found that 4.9% of patients made mistakes regarding choice of injection site, and 7.8% of patients made mistakes in the steps of needle introduction and injection, also considered critical.
The proportion of patients with controlled acromegaly was numerically but not significantly lower in the group of patients observed making dosing errors vs. those who did not (62.9% vs. 74.6%), according to researchers. Those who did not correctly mix the medication presented a poorer control of symptoms as measured by the Patient-Assessed Acromegaly Symptom questionnaire score (mean score, 23 vs. 16.7; P = .037).
The researchers noted that patients willing to participate in the study may be more adherent to treatment vs. patients who declined participation, whereas patients who abandoned treatment before 12 months, possibly for reasons related to adherence, were not included in the study.
“Correct administration of medication is part of patient adherence to treatment, and therefore, effective training by the clinician is essential,” the researchers wrote. “Adherence should be monitored as well as dosing compliance in order to improve the effectiveness of pegvisomant in real-world clinical practice.” – by Regina Schaffer
Disclosures: Pfizer funded the PEGASO study and provided medical writing support. Sanchez-Cenizo reports she is an employee of Pfizer. Please see the study for all other authors’ relevant financial disclosures.