Patients with PTSD at risk for developing CVD, diabetes
SAN FRANCISCO — Patients diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder are more likely to develop insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome compared with those that are not diagnosed with the disorder, increasing their risk for developing cardiovascular disease or diabetes.
“This is a disorder that needs to be looked at and treated as a public health problem,” Ramin Ebrahimi, MD, professor of medicine at the University of California in Los Angeles, said during a press conference at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions. “This calls for a well designed prospective trial to evaluate the potential role of PTSD in development of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders.”
Ebrahimi and colleagues utilized VA electronic medical data to identify the incidence of insulin resistance (defined as triglyceride over HDL cholesterol ratio ≥3.8) and metabolic syndrome in 207,954 patients (mean age 60 years; 14.93% men). According to data, patients without known coronary artery disease and diabetes, with and without post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were followed for the median study duration time of 2 years.
At baseline, there were no differences in age, gender, lipid profile, fasting blood glucose and conventional risk factors among patients with and without PTSD (P>.05). However, insulin resistance was significantly greater among patients with PTSD compared with those without PTSD at follow-up (34.8% vs. 19.3%; P=.00001), according to data. Moreover, metabolic syndrome was significantly greater in patients with PTSD compared with patients without PTSD (52.5% vs. 37.3%; P=.0001). Ebrahimi and colleagues also reported an incidence rate of 14.20% for insulin resistance (95% CI, 17.83-18.53) and 12.07% for metabolic syndrome (95% CI, 13.73-14.42) in those with PTSD vs. those without. Based on these findings, researchers suggest early detection and management of PTSD-related medical conditions including metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis. – by Samantha Costa
For more information:
Ebrahimi R. Abstract #1102-19. Presented at: American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions; March 9-11, 2013; San Francisco.
Disclosure: Ebrahimi reports financial ties with Boehringer-Ingelheim, Abbott Vascular, The Medicines Company, Sanofi-Aventis and Gilead.