Heart Rhythm Society

Heart Rhythm Society

Issue: June 2020
Source:

Doshi SK, et al. LBCT03-03. Presented at: Heart Rhythm Society Annual Scientific Sessions; May 6-9, 2020 (virtual meeting).

Disclosures: The study was funded by Boston Scientific. Doshi reports he consults for Abbott, Biosense Webster and Boston Scientific and serves as co-principal investigator for two trials sponsored by Boston Scientific.
May 12, 2020
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PINNACLE FLX: Next-generation LAA closure device safe, effective

Issue: June 2020
Source:

Doshi SK, et al. LBCT03-03. Presented at: Heart Rhythm Society Annual Scientific Sessions; May 6-9, 2020 (virtual meeting).

Disclosures: The study was funded by Boston Scientific. Doshi reports he consults for Abbott, Biosense Webster and Boston Scientific and serves as co-principal investigator for two trials sponsored by Boston Scientific.
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Shephal K. Doshi

A next-generation device for closure of the left atrial appendage to prevent thrombus embolization in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation met its safety and efficacy goals, according to the results of the PINNACLE FLX study.

The single-arm investigational device exemption study, presented at the virtual Heart Rhythm Society Annual Scientific Sessions, enrolled 400 patients with nonvalvular AF (mean age, 74 years; 36% women) treated with the next-generation device (Watchman FLX, Boston Scientific). All patients were taking a direct oral anticoagulant before implantation.

“The Watchman device [that] is currently in use was designed over 15 years ago,” Shephal K. Doshi, MD, director of cardiac electrophysiology at Providence Saint John’s Health Center, Pacific Heart Institute, Santa Monica, California, said during a press conference. “Since the design has been essentially frozen for this many years, this next-generation device was designed to see if we could make the implant better, improve performance and safety and try to expand the eligible patient population, in terms of being able to implant more patients with complex anatomy with the new device. The main difference is that the distal end is closed. When the device comes out of the catheter, it comes out as a ball, the theory being that this is less traumatic, less likely to perforate and less likely to cause pericardial effusion. The device also has dual rows of anchors, hopefully rendering it less likely to embolize. There is also less metal exposure, hopefully reducing the chance of device-related thrombus.”

Implantation was successful in 98.8% of patients, and the mean number of devices used was 1.2, Doshi said during the press conference.

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Safety events with LAA closure at 7 days and performance goal of the PINNACLE FLX study.

The rate of effective left atrial appendage (LAA) closure at 12 months, defined as any peri-device flow with jet size 5 mm or less per core laboratory-assessed transesophageal echocardiography, was 100%, beating the performance goal of 97% (P < .0001) based on rates observed in the PREVAIL and CAP2 studies of the original device, he said.

Jet size of 5 mm or less was achieved in all patients from PINNACLE FLX compared with 99.3% of patients from the PROTECT-AF and PREVAIL studies of the original device, whereas complete seal was achieved in 89.5% of patients from PINNACLE FLX compared with 66% of those from PROTECT-AF and PREVAIL, Doshi said.

The primary safety endpoint of all-cause death, ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, or device or procedure-related events requiring open cardiac surgery or major endovascular intervention at the later of 7 days or hospital discharge occurred in 0.5% of patients from PINNACLE FLX, beating the performance goal of 4.21% (P < .0001) based on rates observed in PREVAIL and CAP 2. There were two events in the PINNACLE FLX cohort, both ischemic strokes, Doshi said.

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Oral anticoagulation was discontinued at 45-day follow-up in 96.2% of patients, whereas it was continued in 1% due to inadequate LAA seal and in 2.8% of patients despite adequate LAA seal, according to the researchers.

At 12 months, 2.6% of patients from PINNACLE FLX had ischemic stroke and none had hemorrhagic stroke, Doshi said during the press conference. In addition, he said, 6.6% of patients died, 4.4% died from CV or unknown causes, 1% had pericardial effusion, 7.9% had major bleeding and none had device embolization.

“We were able to effectively close all appendages, with no patients having a leak more than 5 mm,” Doshi said during the press conference. “Only 0.5% of patients had a safety event within the first 7 days. Follow-up will be ongoing through the 24-month window, when we can look at the secondary endpoint, which is clinical events such as stroke at that time.”

The next-generation device is not yet available for commercial use in the United States. – by Erik Swain

Reference:

Doshi SK, et al. LBCT03-03. Presented at: Heart Rhythm Society Annual Scientific Sessions; May 6-9, 2020 (virtual meeting).

Disclosures: The study was funded by Boston Scientific. Doshi reports he consults for Abbott, Biosense Webster and Boston Scientific and serves as co-principal investigator for two trials sponsored by Boston Scientific.