The extent of the epidemic of childhood obesity has led to earlier onset of type 2 diabetes, affecting increasing numbers of pediatric patients. The purpose of this review is to 1) highlight scientific findings relevant to the epidemiology and pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes in youth, 2) summarize recommendations for identifying and screening youth at risk for type 2 diabetes, and 3) outline guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of youth with type 2 diabetes.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
Tamara S. Hannon, MD, is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Weight Management and Wellness, and Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes Mellitus, Children’s Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA. Neslihan Gungor, MD, is Director, Division of Pediatrics, Anadolu Foundation Health Care System, Pediatrics/Endocrinology, Kocaeli Turkey. Silva A. Arslanian, MD, is Richard L. Day Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics; Chief, Division of Weight Management and Wellness; and Director, General Clinical Research Center; Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes Mellitus, Children’s Hospital University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA.
Address correspondence to: Tamara S. Hannon, MD, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, 3705 5th Avenue at DeSoto Street, 4A, Room 424, Pittsburgh, PA 15213; firstname.lastname@example.org.
The authors disclosed no relevant financial relationships.
This work is supported by United States Public Health grants K24 HD01357 and K23 RR17250.