Top stories in endocrinology: Mediterranean diet provides cognitive benefits in type 2 diabetes; intensive glucose control did not prevent CV events, death in the long-term

Among the top stories in endocrinology last week were findings that suggested adults with type 2 diabetes may be able to improve their cognitive abilities by incorporating a Mediterranean diet into their regular disease management regimen and results from the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial that found veterans with longstanding type 2 diabetes assigned to an intensive glucose-control regimen for 5 years were just as likely to experience a cardiovascular event or death in the decade after the intervention ended as those assigned to standard therapy.

Other highlights included research that indicated uncontrolled diabetes often predicted incidence of very severe hypertriglyceridemia, findings that suggested adults with higher parathyroid hormone and lower vitamin D levels were more likely to experience an episode of atrial fibrillation compared with those with normal measures and a study that found adults with obesity and prediabetes experienced greater sustained improvements in both HbA1c and fasting glucose when assigned to a 24-session behavioral weight-loss program vs. similar adults assigned to shorter programs.

Mediterranean diet, improved glycemic control provide combined cognitive benefits

Adults with type 2 diabetes may be able to improve their cognitive abilities by incorporating a Mediterranean diet into their regular disease management regimens, according to findings published in Diabetes Care. Read more.

VADT: No legacy effect with short-term, intensive glucose control

A cohort of veterans with longstanding type 2 diabetes assigned to an intensive glucose-control regimen for 5 years were just as likely to experience a cardiovascular event or death in the decade after intervention ended as those assigned to standard therapy, according to findings published in The New England Journal of Medicine. Read more.

Very severe hypertriglyceridemia tied to diabetes reveals gaps in care

An analysis of county-level health system data in Texas revealed that uncontrolled diabetes often predicted incidence of very severe hypertriglyceridemia, with an overwhelming number of cases occurring among Hispanic adults, according to findings published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. Read more.

Elevated parathyroid hormone with low vitamin D may predict atrial fibrillation

Adults with higher parathyroid hormone and lower vitamin D levels are more likely to experience an episode of atrial fibrillation compared with those with normal measures, according to findings published in Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. Read more.

‘High-dose’ weight-loss program optimizes glycemic improvements in prediabetes

Adults with obesity and prediabetes experienced greater sustained improvements in both HbA1c and fasting glucose when assigned to a 24-session behavioral weight-loss program vs. similar adults assigned to shorter programs, according to findings published in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care. Read more.

Among the top stories in endocrinology last week were findings that suggested adults with type 2 diabetes may be able to improve their cognitive abilities by incorporating a Mediterranean diet into their regular disease management regimen and results from the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial that found veterans with longstanding type 2 diabetes assigned to an intensive glucose-control regimen for 5 years were just as likely to experience a cardiovascular event or death in the decade after the intervention ended as those assigned to standard therapy.

Other highlights included research that indicated uncontrolled diabetes often predicted incidence of very severe hypertriglyceridemia, findings that suggested adults with higher parathyroid hormone and lower vitamin D levels were more likely to experience an episode of atrial fibrillation compared with those with normal measures and a study that found adults with obesity and prediabetes experienced greater sustained improvements in both HbA1c and fasting glucose when assigned to a 24-session behavioral weight-loss program vs. similar adults assigned to shorter programs.

Mediterranean diet, improved glycemic control provide combined cognitive benefits

Adults with type 2 diabetes may be able to improve their cognitive abilities by incorporating a Mediterranean diet into their regular disease management regimens, according to findings published in Diabetes Care. Read more.

VADT: No legacy effect with short-term, intensive glucose control

A cohort of veterans with longstanding type 2 diabetes assigned to an intensive glucose-control regimen for 5 years were just as likely to experience a cardiovascular event or death in the decade after intervention ended as those assigned to standard therapy, according to findings published in The New England Journal of Medicine. Read more.

Very severe hypertriglyceridemia tied to diabetes reveals gaps in care

An analysis of county-level health system data in Texas revealed that uncontrolled diabetes often predicted incidence of very severe hypertriglyceridemia, with an overwhelming number of cases occurring among Hispanic adults, according to findings published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. Read more.

Elevated parathyroid hormone with low vitamin D may predict atrial fibrillation

Adults with higher parathyroid hormone and lower vitamin D levels are more likely to experience an episode of atrial fibrillation compared with those with normal measures, according to findings published in Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. Read more.

‘High-dose’ weight-loss program optimizes glycemic improvements in prediabetes

Adults with obesity and prediabetes experienced greater sustained improvements in both HbA1c and fasting glucose when assigned to a 24-session behavioral weight-loss program vs. similar adults assigned to shorter programs, according to findings published in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care. Read more.