EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals

Maternal pertussis vaccine during pregnancy protected infants

Dabrera G. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu821.
Data from a case-control study confirmed that a pertussis vaccine given during pregnancy protected infants from infection after birth. “Our…
In the Journals

Immunocompromised patients with HSV meningitis may benefit from antiviral therapy

Noska A. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu772.
While immunocompetent patients with herpes simplex virus meningitis can be successfully managed with symptomatic treatment alone…
In the Journals

Patient costs greater at hospital-owned physician groups

Robinson JC. JAMA. 2014;312:1663-1669.
Hospital-owned physician groups, often aggregated in order to provide coordinated care, had higher costs per patient than physician-owned…
In the Journals

Anticonvulsant drug may play a role in the development of new antibiotics

Stoke JM. eLife. 2014;doi:
The anticonvulsant drug lamotrigine appears to hinder the assembly of bacterial ribosomes, and may therefore play a role in the development of a…
In the Journals

Flu vaccine may be most effective in patients not vaccinated in past 5 years

McLean HQ. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu680.
Influenza vaccination appears to confer protection against influenza infection regardless of a patient’s vaccination history, according to…
In the Journals

High rate of culture conversion observed with bedaqualine for TB

Guglielmetti L. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu786.
Compassionate use of bedaquiline, combined with other drugs, resulted in culture conversion in almost all patients with multidrug-resistant…
In the Journals

Cutaneous leishmaniasis incidence in Israel increased 10-fold from 2001-2012

Gandacu D. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2010.140182.
After a 15-year period of decreased incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Israel, a recent resurgence of the disease appears to have occurred in…
In the Journals

Men, African-Americans at highest risk for body lice among homeless in San Francisco

Bonilla DL. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:1645-1651.
The existence of body lice appeared to be positively correlated with male gender, African-American ethnicity and sleeping outdoors among homeless…
In the Journals

Broad-spectrum antimicrobial use common across US hospitals

Magill S. JAMA. 2014;312:1438-1446.
The use of broad-spectrum antimicrobial drugs, including piperacillin-tazobactam and vancomycin, was common in US acute care hospitals, even when…
In the JournalsPerspective

ART beneficial for MSM with HIV reporting stimulant use

Carrico AW. J Acquir Immune DeficSyndr. 2014;doi:10.1097/WAI.0000000000000364.
Antiretroviral therapy had benefits for HIV-positive men who have sex with men reporting stimulant use compared with non-users, according to recently…
In the Journals

NDM-producing E. coli outbreak linked to duodenoscopes

Epstein L. JAMA. 2014;312:1447-1455.
An outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli producing the New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase among 39 patients in one hospital was linked to…
In the Journals

Rapid diagnostic tests performed poorly in detecting chikungunya virus

Prat CM. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2012.141269
Commercially available rapid diagnostic tests for diagnosing chikungunya virus appear to perform poorly in terms of specificity and sensitivity…
In the Journals

Current tobacco use associated with oral HPV-16 infection

Fakhry C. JAMA. 2014;312:1465-1467.
Researchers identified a significant relationship between oral HPV-16 infection and behavioral and objective biomarkers of current tobacco use…
In the Journals

Leishmaniasis outbreak in Lebanon most prevalent in Syrian refugees

Saroufim M. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2010.140288.
Early detection and diagnosis, as well as collaboration with local medical personnel, are key elements in controlling an ongoing epidemic of…
In the Journals

CDI incidence nearly doubled from 2001 to 2010

Reveles K. Am J Infect Control. 2014;doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2014.06.011.
The incidence of Clostridium difficile infections in the United States nearly doubled from 2001 to 2010, according to data published in the…
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