EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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Prolonged course of IV cefepime increases risk for neutropenia

Foong KS, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy1112.
Study findings showed that cefepime administered via rapid IV push for 2 weeks or longer is associated with a higher risk for cefepime-induced…
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HIV self-testing kit, financial incentives increase men’s linkage to care, prevention services

Choko AT, et al. PLOS Medicine. 2018;doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002719.
Partner-delivered HIV self-testing kits and a fixed financial incentive substantially increased the odds of linkage to care or prevention services…
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Door-to-door offer of HIV self-testing kits increases knowledge of status

Mulubwa C, et al. Lancet HIV. 2018; doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30258-3.
Providing a choice of self-testing during door-to-door HIV testing services increased people’s awareness of their HIV status in Zambia…
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American Indians, Alaska Natives face barriers to HIV care

Baugher AB, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm675152a1.
American Indians and Alaska Natives in care for HIV achieve viral suppression at a rate similar to or higher than other racial or ethnic groups…
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Wound botulism outbreak associated with black tar heroin use

Peak CM, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm675152a3.
The authors of a new MMWR report on a wound botulism outbreak in San Diego County that was associated with injection heroin use — primarily…
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Diabetes challenges TB control in Europe

Schepisi MS, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy337.
More than 10% of patients with tuberculosis enrolled in a study in eight European countries also had diabetes, including more than 28% of TB patients…
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De-escalation not detrimental to patients with bacteremia

Palacios-Baena ZR, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy1032.
Antibiotic de-escalation is not detrimental to clinical outcomes in patients with monomicrobial bacteremia due to Enterobacteriaceae, according to…
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SFTS virus may be transmitted via aerosols

Moon J, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.330.
The virus that causes severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome, or SFTS, may have been transmitted person-to-person via aerosols at a hospital in…
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Antimicrobial hospital curtain reduces MDRO contamination

Luk S, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.315.
An antimicrobial privacy curtain made with a blend of quaternary ammonium chlorides, or QAC, plus polyorganosiloxane reduces contamination with…
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Frailty associated with adverse health outcomes, mortality in HIV-infected adults

Kelly SG, et al. Clin Infec Dis. 2018;
Study findings showed that frailty is associated with risk for incident cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and bone disease in people living…
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Single-tablet regimen well-tolerated in HIV-infected adults on hemodialysis

Eron JJ Jr, et al. Lancet HIV. 2018;doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30296-0.
Switching to a single-tablet regimen of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide is well tolerated by HIV-1-infected adults…
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Socioeconomic inequalities linked to infectious diseases

Pini A, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;
Socioeconomic factors such as employment status, educational level and income influence the type of infections that occur in patients in Sweden…
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Enhanced flu vaccines elicit greater antibody responses in older adults

Ng TWY, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy720.
Enhanced influenza vaccines elicit greater antibody responses compared with standard-dose vaccine in older adults, findings from a systematic review…
In the Journals Plus

Face masks protect hog farm workers from drug-resistant S. aureus

Nadimpalli ML, et al. Environ Health Perspect. 2018:doi:10.1289/EHP3453.
Study findings published in Environmental Health Perspectives showed that consistently wearing face masks may protect hog farm workers and their…
In the Journals Plus

Universal MenB vaccination of college-aged adults not cost-effective

Leeds IL, et al. Am J Prev Med. 2018; doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2018.09.020 .
Universally vaccinating young adults entering college with the meningococcal B vaccine is not cost-effective because of the rarity of…
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