EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals PlusPerspective

Real-time AMS a predictor of faster time to optimal therapy

Beganovic M, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy350.
Researchers identified real-time antimicrobial stewardship, or AMS, team response as an independent predictor of faster time to optimal treatment…
In the Journals Plus

Prolonged course of IV cefepime increases risk for neutropenia

Foong KS, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy1112.
Study findings showed that cefepime administered via rapid IV push for 2 weeks or longer is associated with a higher risk for cefepime-induced…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

HIV self-testing kit, financial incentives increase men’s linkage to care, prevention services

Choko AT, et al. PLOS Medicine. 2018;doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002719.
Partner-delivered HIV self-testing kits and a fixed financial incentive substantially increased the odds of linkage to care or prevention services…
In the Journals Plus

Door-to-door offer of HIV self-testing kits increases knowledge of status

Mulubwa C, et al. Lancet HIV. 2018; doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30258-3.
Providing a choice of self-testing during door-to-door HIV testing services increased people’s awareness of their HIV status in Zambia…
In the Journals Plus

American Indians, Alaska Natives face barriers to HIV care

Baugher AB, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm675152a1.
American Indians and Alaska Natives in care for HIV achieve viral suppression at a rate similar to or higher than other racial or ethnic groups…
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Wound botulism outbreak associated with black tar heroin use

Peak CM, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm675152a3.
The authors of a new MMWR report on a wound botulism outbreak in San Diego County that was associated with injection heroin use — primarily…
In the Journals Plus

Diabetes challenges TB control in Europe

Schepisi MS, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy337.
More than 10% of patients with tuberculosis enrolled in a study in eight European countries also had diabetes, including more than 28% of TB patients…
In the Journals Plus

De-escalation not detrimental to patients with bacteremia

Palacios-Baena ZR, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy1032.
Antibiotic de-escalation is not detrimental to clinical outcomes in patients with monomicrobial bacteremia due to Enterobacteriaceae, according to…
In the Journals Plus

SFTS virus may be transmitted via aerosols

Moon J, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.330.
The virus that causes severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome, or SFTS, may have been transmitted person-to-person via aerosols at a hospital in…
In the Journals Plus

Antimicrobial hospital curtain reduces MDRO contamination

Luk S, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.315.
An antimicrobial privacy curtain made with a blend of quaternary ammonium chlorides, or QAC, plus polyorganosiloxane reduces contamination with…
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Frailty associated with adverse health outcomes, mortality in HIV-infected adults

Kelly SG, et al. Clin Infec Dis. 2018;doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy1101.
Study findings showed that frailty is associated with risk for incident cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and bone disease in people living…
In the Journals Plus

Single-tablet regimen well-tolerated in HIV-infected adults on hemodialysis

Eron JJ Jr, et al. Lancet HIV. 2018;doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30296-0.
Switching to a single-tablet regimen of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide is well tolerated by HIV-1-infected adults…
In the Journals Plus

Socioeconomic inequalities linked to infectious diseases

Pini A, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018; doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30485-7.
Socioeconomic factors such as employment status, educational level and income influence the type of infections that occur in patients in Sweden…
In the Journals Plus

Enhanced flu vaccines elicit greater antibody responses in older adults

Ng TWY, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy720.
Enhanced influenza vaccines elicit greater antibody responses compared with standard-dose vaccine in older adults, findings from a systematic review…
In the Journals Plus

Face masks protect hog farm workers from drug-resistant S. aureus

Nadimpalli ML, et al. Environ Health Perspect. 2018:doi:10.1289/EHP3453.
Study findings published in Environmental Health Perspectives showed that consistently wearing face masks may protect hog farm workers and their…
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