EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals

HAV hospitalization rate decreased in US from 2002 to 2011

Collier M. Hepatology. 2014;doi:10.1002/hep.27537.
Hospitalizations caused by hepatitis A virus infection declined in the United States from 2002 to 2011, recent study data show. “While HAV…
In the Journals

Emtricitabine yielded better virologic outcomes than lamivudine in first-line ART

Rokx C. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu763.
The use of emtricitabine as part of combination ART in treatment-naive patients with HIV was associated with better virological responses than…
In the Journals

Wikipedia page views used to forecast disease outbreaks

Generous N. PLoS Comput Biol. 2014;doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003892.
Monitoring Wikipedia page views could lead to accurate and timely outbreak forecasts, according to recently published data. Researchers from Los…
In the Journals

Most diarrhea cases in transplant recipients had no infectious etiology

Echenique IA. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu880.
The most frequent infectious etiologies of diarrhea identified among solid organ transplant recipients included Clostridium difficile, norovirus…
In the Journals

Comprehensive care coordination improved HIV outcomes

Irvine MK. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu783.
Among patients with HIV who have major barriers to care, a comprehensive care coordination program may significantly improve short-term outcomes…
In the Journals

Psychological stress did not increase herpes zoster risk

Harpaz R. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu889.
Psychological stress caused by the death or catastrophic health event of a previously healthy spouse did not result in an increased risk for herpes…
In the Journals

WHO: Progress towards measles elimination stalling

Perry RT. MMWR. 2014; 63(45): 1034-1038.
Based on current trends of measles vaccination and incidence, 2015 global targets to eliminate measles in four WHO regions will not be achieved on…
In the Journals

Isoniazid preventive therapy reduced TB risk in adults with HIV

Golub JE. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu849.
Patients with HIV who had positive tuberculin skin tests had a reduced risk for tuberculosis after receiving isoniazid preventive therapy…
In the Journals

Americans visit doctors nearly 1 million times annually for eye infections

Collier SA. MMWR. 2014;63:1027-1030
Americans make nearly 1 million doctor visits for eye infections annually — causing an estimated $175 million in direct health care costs…
In the Journals

PCV7, PCV13 significantly decreased risk for sinusitis, pneumonia hospitalization

Lindstrand A. Pediatrics. 2014; doi:10.1542/peds.2013-4177.
The 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines significantly decreased risk for hospitalization due to sinusitis or pneumonia among Swedish…
In the Journals

TB genome play role in relapse, reinfection

Guerra-Assunção JA. J Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiu574.
New data suggest that differences in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome play a role in both relapse and reinfection of tuberculosis. “In…
In the Journals

Survival among HCV patients with SVR reaches that of general population

van der Meer AJ. JAMA. 2014;312:1927-1928.
The life expectancy of patients with hepatitis C virus infection and advanced hepatic fibrosis or cirrhosis who achieved sustained virologic…
In the Journals

HIV associated with increased risk for age-related events

Althoff KN. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu869.
Adults with HIV demonstrated a greater risk for age-associated events, including myocardial infarction, end-stage renal disease and…
In the Journals

Viral hemorrhagic fever case in US soldier highlights need for control measures

Conger NG. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2101.141413.
Clinicians should consider the possibility of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and take appropriate precautions for febrile travelers returning from…
In the Journals

Quality indicators may be useful for antibiotic stewardship

van den Bosch CMA. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu747.
Quality indicators could help determine areas for improvement of antibiotic use among hospitalized patients, according to new data. “Our…
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