EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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Osteomyelitis associated with higher rate of fragility fracture at any site

Hsieh E, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz077.
Among older men with osteomyelitis, the rate of fragility fracture at any major osteoporotic site is 78% higher compared with those without…
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Correlation between HIV, rectal gonorrhea could help PrEP trial designs

Mullick C, Murray J. J Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiz037.
Study findings showed a correlation between the incidence of rectal gonorrhea and HIV infection among men who have sex with men who are not using…
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Influenza B associated with similar illness severity, ICU admission rate as influenza A

Korem M, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz053.
Patients with influenza B had similar rates of associated disease severity and ICU admission compared with patients with influenza A(H1N1) during two…
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Low testosterone persists after HCV clearance

Chaudhury CS, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy965.
Low levels of free testosterone are common among men with chronic hepatitis C infection following SVR and persist after HCV clearance, according to…
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Dalbavancin works as secondary therapy for S. aureus in patients who use drugs

Bryson-Cahn C. et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofz028.
A study evaluating the use of dalbavancin as secondary therapy for serious Staphylococcus aureus infections in people who use drugs found that most…
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Ceftaroline fosamil successfully treats gram-positive infective endocarditis

Destache CJ, et al. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2019;doi:10.0116/j.jijantimicag.2019.01.014.
Researchers found that patients with gram-positive infective endocarditis, including those with infections caused by MRSA, were successfully treated…
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Drug-resistant bacteria prevalent in sinks close to hospital toilets

Buchan BW, Am J Infect Control. 2019;
In medical ICU rooms, drug-resistant bacteria are four times more prevalent in sinks located next to toilets than in sinks located farther away…
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UV devices decontaminate CT tables

Cadnum JL, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2019;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.296.
Study findings showed that UV devices can capably reduce pathogens on CT patient tables, and researchers said the devices “could provide an…
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Antibiotic-resistant genes found in one of the most remote places on Earth

McCann CM, et al. Environ Int. 2019;
Researchers found antibiotic-resistant genes in Svalbard, a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean and one of the most remote places on Earth…
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Flu vaccine was 38% effective last season, 22% effective against H3N2

Neuzil KM, Fitzpatrick MC. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz078.
Rolfes MA, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz075.
The influenza vaccine was 38% effective overall during the 2017-2018 influenza season in the United States, and 22% effective against the predominant…
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New platform delivers same-day AST data for ‘virtually all’ antibiotics

Flentie K, et al. Sci Rep. 2019;
A new platform for antibiotic susceptibility testing, or AST, “has the potential to revolutionize clinical practice” by rapidly providing…
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Hand hygiene compliance ‘remarkably low’ among EMS providers

Vikke HS, et al. BMJ Emerg Med J. 2019;doi:10.1136/emermed-2018-207872.
Study findings showed that hand hygiene compliance among EMS providers is “remarkably low,” with an “over-reliance” on gloves…
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Oral HIV self-testing kit demonstrates 100% specificity, 99.5% sensitivity

Belete W, et al. PLoS One. 2019;doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0210866.
An oral fluid-based HIV self-testing kit demonstrated high diagnostic performance during a facility-based cross-sectional study in Ethiopia, and…
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Goal to eliminate HCV by 2030 will be ‘narrowly missed’

Heffernan A, et al. Lancet 2019;doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32277-3.
Wiktor S. Lancet. 2019:doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32750-8.
As defined by WHO targets, the goal to eliminate hepatitis C virus globally by 2030 will be “narrowly missed,” but is possible by 2032…
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Marijuana use increases risk for lung disease in patients with HIV

Lorenz DR, et al. EClinicalMedicine. 2019;
In patients with HIV, long-term marijuana smoking is associated with lung disease independent of tobacco smoking, according to study findings…
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