EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals

Single clone responsible for most MenW cases in England, Wales

Ladhani SN. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu881.
The increase of invasive meningococcal group W cases throughout England and Wales is the result of a single clone that belongs to the ST-11…
In the Journals

Egg-free influenza vaccine linked to allergic reaction

Woo EJ. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu948.
Reports on the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System indicate that patients with a self-reported egg allergy or previous allergic reaction to…
In the Journals

HBV, HCV patients often lacked immunity, vaccination against HAV, HBV

Henkle E. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu879.
Among patients with chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C, approximately 40% had no documented immunity or vaccination against hepatitis A or…
In the Journals

Vancomycin-resistant S. aureus genes less prevalent since 2009

Albrecht VS. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014;doi:10.1086/678605.
Genes responsible for transferring vancomycin resistance among Staphylococcus aureus have declined since 2009, according to recent data. CDC…
In the Journals

ART coverage in TB/HIV patients increased in sub-Saharan Africa

Dokubo EK. MMWR. 2014;63:1104-1107.
The percentage of reported HIV-positive patients with tuberculosis receiving ART increased from 37% in 2009 to 69% in 2013, CDC researchers…
In the Journals

HIV evolution bypassed immune resistance, but reduced virulence

Payne R. PNAS. 2014;doi:10.1073/pnas.1413339111.
HIV strains that evolve to bypass human immune responses may do so at the cost of a reduced ability to replicate, according to recent study …
In the Journals

Novel method quickly identifies bacteria, resistance with accuracy

Mezger A. J Clin Microbiol. 2014;doi:10.1128/JCM.02434-14.
A new method of rapidly identifying bacteria also may be able to accurately determine their antibiotic resistance and sensitivity, according to…
In the JournalsPerspective

Early valve surgery did not affect mortality in S. aureus endocarditis

Chirouze C. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu871.
Early valve surgery did not reduce 1-year mortality among patients with Staphylococcus aureus prosthetic valve infective endocarditis, according to…
In the Journals

Deferring ART more than 1 year reduced chance of immune recovery

Okulicz J. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.4010.
Deferring antiretroviral therapy more than 12 months after the estimated date of seroconversion reduced the possibility of restoring the immune…
In the Journals

MERS spread linked to failures in infection control

Maltezou HC. Am J Infect Control. 2014;42:1261-1265.
Gaps in infection control were largely responsible in numerous published incidents of health care-associated transmission of Middle East…
In the Journals

ExoU+ genotype linked to early mortality in P. aeruginosa patients

Peña C. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu866.
A positive correlation existed between the exoU+ genotype and increased risk for early mortality in patients with P. aeruginosa bloodstream…
In the Journals

A. baumannii-positive cultures linked to infection in ICU patients

Latibeaudiere R. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu847.
The presence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii on surveillance cultures were strongly correlated with the onset of…
In the Journals

CHG-treated washcloths reduced S. aureus carriage in US jails

David MZ. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014;35:1466-1473.
Distributing washcloths treated with a skin cleanser to jail detainees significantly reduced the carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, according to…
In the Journals

Increased CV risks seen with azithromycin, moxifloxacin

Chou H-W. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu914.
Researchers from National Taiwan University have found a small increased risk for ventricular arrhythmia and cardiovascular death associated with…
In the Journals

Pre-emptively updating flu vaccine strains may improve effectiveness

Fonville JM. Science. 2014;346:996-1000.
Forestalling virus evolution with pre-emptive influenza vaccine updates may improve vaccine effectiveness in people who were previously exposed…
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