EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals

CD4 counts lower in occasional heroin users with HIV

Edelman EJ. AIDS Behav. 2014;doi:10.1007/s10461-014-0948-z.
Occasional heroin use, as opposed to persistent or no use, could lead to lower CD4 counts in people with HIV, according to recent data…
In the Journals

HCV coinfection did not impair mental function in HIV patients

Clifford DB. Neurology. 2014;doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000001156.
Neurocognitive performance did not appear to be associated with HCV coinfection among people with HIV, according to recently published data…
In the Journals

Global life expectancy increasing; HCV-related liver cancer deaths up 125%

December 17, 2014
Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 suggest that global life expectancy has increased by 5.8 years among men and 6.6 years among…
In the Journals

Cryptococcal meningitis incidence high among US individuals with AIDS

McKenney J. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu937.
New data suggest that the prevalence of cryptococcal meningitis among individuals with AIDS in the United States is high and routine screening for…
In the Journals

Contaminated household fomites may cause recurrence of S. aureus skin infections

Miller LG. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu943.
Patients with Staphylococcus aureus skin infection were more likely to experience a recurrence if the household fomites were contaminated with…
In the Journals

Active HCV infection common among seropositive patients in sub-Saharan Africa

Layden JE. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu965.
Viremic hepatitis C infection was frequent among individuals in sub-Saharan Africa who were serologically positive for the virus, according to new…
In the Journals

New treatment effectively inhibited bacterial growth

Deslouches B. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014;doi:10.1128/AAC.03937-14.
A novel treatment using engineered effector molecules demonstrated greater activity against drug-resistant bacteria than existing antibiotics, …
In the Journals

Whole-genome sequencing may prevent, control hospital outbreaks

Halachev MR. Genome Med. 2014;doi:10.1186/s13073-014-0070-x.
Whole-genome sequencing may be a cost-effective means of preventing and controlling nosocomial infections in a timely manner, according to recent…
In the Journals

CDI burden underestimated using only hospital inpatient surveillance

Kuntz JL. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu955.
New data suggest that a substantial number of Clostridium difficile infections may be missed if surveillance does not include outpatient settings…
In the Journals

Improved HIV therapies decreased risk for ESRD

Abraham AG. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu919.
Improvements in HIV treatment have resulted in a decreased risk for end-stage renal disease in infected adults, particularly among blacks, …
In the Journals

Steroid use, red blood cell transfusion associated with CMV colitis

Ko J-H. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu969.
Among immunocompetent adult patients, steroid use and red blood cell transfusion within 1 month of colitis diagnosis were independent risk factors…
In the Journals

Current smoking linked to invasive fusariosis in patients with acute myeloid leukemia

Garnica M. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu947.
Researchers at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro in Brazil determined that active smoking was associated with invasive fusariosis among…
In the Journals

Anemia of inflammation often resolved after TB treatment

Minchella PA. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu945.
Chemotherapy for tuberculosis resulted in significant reductions in anemia of inflammation, but had no effect on iron-deficiency anemia or…
In the Journals

Odds of secondary complications increased for surgical patients with pneumonia, SSI

Wakeam E. JAMA Surg. 2014;doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1795.
Surgical inpatients who develop pneumonia or deep space surgical site infections have increased odds of developing secondary complications…
In the Journals

Indoor DDT spraying failed to add additional protection against malaria

December 8, 2014
The combined use of insecticidal bed nets and spraying insecticide inside homes was no more effective at protecting children against malaria than…
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