EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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Investment in rabies PEP would prevent additional 489K deaths

Cauchemez S, Bourjy H. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30606-6.
Hampson K, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30512-7.
An investment aimed at expanding access to postexposure prophylaxis for rabies — and providing it for free — would prevent an additional…
In the Journals Plus

Infection control measures prove difficult to study

Bleasdale SC. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy754.
Tomczyk S. et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy752.
Researchers systematically reviewed and reanalyzed past studies on the prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae…
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Diabetes may worsen tuberculosis prognosis

Kreisel CF, et al. J Endocr Soc. 2018;doi:10.1210/js.2018-00203.
Patients with diabetes diagnosed with tuberculosis are more likely to present with advanced disease and cavitation in the lungs vs. those with TB who…
In the Journals Plus

Oft-cited stat may underestimate deaths from MDROs in US by 130,000

Burnham JP, et al. Infect Control Hospit Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.304.
A CDC statistic frequently used to illustrate the scope of the threat of antimicrobial resistance in the United States may be a significant…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Prior head, neck surgery associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis

Chu V, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy974.
Prior head or spine surgery is associated with an increased risk for Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis beyond the 30-day postoperative period…
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C. difficile associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes in elderly patients

Olsen MA, et al, Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.280.
Weber BR, et al, Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.288.
Clostridium difficile infection is associated with increased risk for short- and long-term adverse outcomes in elderly patients, including…
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Gloves are a potential barrier to hand hygiene, especially among nurses

Acquarulo BA, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.293
Glove use in health care settings is a potential barrier to hand hygiene, especially among nurses, according to study findings published in…
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Tattoo ink causes outbreak of nontuberculous mycobacteria

Griffin I, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy979.
An outbreak of nontuberculous mycobacterial skin infections in Florida was traced to contaminated tattoo ink and tap water, according to findings…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Canadian review: ‘Negligible’ risk for HIV from virally suppressed patients on ART

Elliott R. CMAJ. 2018;doi:10.1503/cmaj.181405. LeMessurier J, et al. CMAJ. 2018;doi:10.1503/cmaj.180311.
There is a “negligible” risk that a patient with HIV who is on antiretroviral therapy and maintains viral suppression at a certain level…
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14 million additional adolescents needed to reach HPV vaccination goal

Fedewa SA, et al. Cancer. 2018;doi:10.1002/cncr.31763.
HPV vaccination rates among adolescents must increase substantially for the American Cancer Society to achieve its goal of 80% prevalence by 2026…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

MDROs transmitted ‘early, readily, and frequently’ between patient and room

Chen LF, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.275.
Study findings showed that multidrug-resistant organisms, or MDROs, are transmitted “early, readily, and frequently” between patients and…
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Multidrug-resistant Salmonella emerges in US

Brown, AC, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;doi/10.3201/eid2412.180500.
The emergence of a multidrug-resistant strain of Salmonella in the United States is cause for concern and health care providers should be aware of…
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Algorithm outperforms radiologists in detecting active pulmonary TB

Hwang EJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;
Researchers developed an automated algorithm that was able to detect active pulmonary tuberculosis on chest radiographs better than all groups of…
In the Journals Plus

Substance use does not lower adherence to PrEP in MSM

Hoenigl M, et al. Emerg Infect Dis.2018; Dec;24(12); doi:10.3201/eid2412.180400.
Study findings showed that substance use does not affect adherence to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, among men who have sex with men or…
In the Journals Plus

Study shows declining efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics to prevent SSIs following colorectal surgery

Gandra S, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018:doi:10.1017/ice.
The efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in preventing surgical site infections following colorectal surgery has declined, according to results from…
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