EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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Defective bronchoscope blamed for cluster of multidrug-resistant infections

Galdys AL, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.263.
Researchers determined that a defective bronchoscope was likely the source of a cluster of multidrug-resistant infections among patients in a medical…
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Investment in rabies PEP would prevent additional 489K deaths

Cauchemez S, Bourjy H. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30606-6.
Hampson K, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30512-7.
An investment aimed at expanding access to postexposure prophylaxis for rabies — and providing it for free — would prevent an additional…
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Infection control measures prove difficult to study

Bleasdale SC. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy754.
Tomczyk S. et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy752.
Researchers systematically reviewed and reanalyzed past studies on the prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae…
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Diabetes may worsen tuberculosis prognosis

Kreisel CF, et al. J Endocr Soc. 2018;doi:10.1210/js.2018-00203.
Patients with diabetes diagnosed with tuberculosis are more likely to present with advanced disease and cavitation in the lungs vs. those with TB who…
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Oft-cited stat may underestimate deaths from MDROs in US by 130,000

Burnham JP, et al. Infect Control Hospit Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.304.
A CDC statistic frequently used to illustrate the scope of the threat of antimicrobial resistance in the United States may be a significant…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Prior head, neck surgery associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis

Chu V, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy974.
Prior head or spine surgery is associated with an increased risk for Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis beyond the 30-day postoperative period…
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C. difficile associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes in elderly patients

Olsen MA, et al, Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.280.
Weber BR, et al, Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.288.
Clostridium difficile infection is associated with increased risk for short- and long-term adverse outcomes in elderly patients, including…
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Gloves are a potential barrier to hand hygiene, especially among nurses

Acquarulo BA, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.293
Glove use in health care settings is a potential barrier to hand hygiene, especially among nurses, according to study findings published in…
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Tattoo ink causes outbreak of nontuberculous mycobacteria

Griffin I, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy979.
An outbreak of nontuberculous mycobacterial skin infections in Florida was traced to contaminated tattoo ink and tap water, according to findings…
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Canadian review: ‘Negligible’ risk for HIV from virally suppressed patients on ART

Elliott R. CMAJ. 2018;doi:10.1503/cmaj.181405. LeMessurier J, et al. CMAJ. 2018;doi:10.1503/cmaj.180311.
There is a “negligible” risk that a patient with HIV who is on antiretroviral therapy and maintains viral suppression at a certain level…
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14 million additional adolescents needed to reach HPV vaccination goal

Fedewa SA, et al. Cancer. 2018;doi:10.1002/cncr.31763.
HPV vaccination rates among adolescents must increase substantially for the American Cancer Society to achieve its goal of 80% prevalence by 2026…
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MDROs transmitted ‘early, readily, and frequently’ between patient and room

Chen LF, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.275.
Study findings showed that multidrug-resistant organisms, or MDROs, are transmitted “early, readily, and frequently” between patients and…
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Multidrug-resistant Salmonella emerges in US

Brown, AC, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;doi/10.3201/eid2412.180500.
The emergence of a multidrug-resistant strain of Salmonella in the United States is cause for concern and health care providers should be aware of…
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Algorithm outperforms radiologists in detecting active pulmonary TB

Hwang EJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy967/5174137.
Researchers developed an automated algorithm that was able to detect active pulmonary tuberculosis on chest radiographs better than all groups of…
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Rat lungworm ‘widespread’ in New Orleans, raising risk for humans

Rael RC, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;doi.10.3201/eid2412.180056.
Rat lungworm is “widespread” among rodents in New Orleans, with an overall prevalence comparable to areas where the parasite is…
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