EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals

Antibiotics during infancy may lead to early childhood obesity

Bailey CL. JAMA Pediatr. 2014;doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1539.
Infants exposed to broad-spectrum antibiotics before age 24 months were more likely to experience early childhood obesity, according to recently…
In the Journals

Prompt recognition, treatment needed for transplant-transmitted encephalitis

Basavaraju SV. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;9:1443-1451.
Clinicians, pathologists and public health workers must be more aware of the emerging infectious agents that cause transplant-transmitted…
In the Journals

Retention in care low among MSM with HIV

Singh S. MMWR. 2014;63:829-833.
More than 75% of newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men were linked to care in 2010, but only about half of those already…
In the Journals

Early detection, awareness of EV-D68 increased outbreak preparedness

Shaw J. JAMA Pediatr. 2014;doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2628.
Early detection and awareness of emerging infections, such as enterovirus D68, can help health care teams allocate resources in a timely manner so…
In the Journals

Drug-susceptibility testing useful in guiding treatment for MDR and XDR TB

Bastos ML. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu619.
The use of drug susceptibility testing for ethambutol, pyrazinamide and second-line tuberculosis drugs appears to yield valuable information in…
In the Journals

No source of Herbaspirillum spp. identified in cluster of patients

Chemaly R. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu712.
No environmental or common source was identified as the cause of Herbaspirillum spp. infections among a cluster eight patients with cancer receiving…
In the Journals

Point-of-care CD4 testing cost-effective in resource-limited countries

Hyle E. PLOS Medicine. 2014;doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001725.
Point-of-care CD4 testing at the time of HIV diagnosis may be cost-effective in resource-limited countries, according to new data published in PLOS
In the Journals

CMV increased Alzheimer’s risk, led to rapid cognitive decline

Barnes LL. J Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiu437.
In a racially diverse population of older adults, cytomegalovirus infection was associated with a higher risk for Alzheimer’s disease and a…
In the Journals

US rates of Cronobacter infection highest in very old, very young

Patrick ME. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2009.140545.
In the United States, the overall rate of Cronobacter species infections appears to be higher than expected, with particular susceptibility observed…
In the Journals

HCV antibody decline associated with RNA clearance in MSM with HIV

Vanhommerig J. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu695.
Among HIV-positive men who have sex with men, a decline in hepatitis C virus antibodies after acute HCV infection was associated with HCV-RNA…
In the Journals

Handling, sale of diseased cow carcasses led to 2010 anthrax outbreak in Bhutan

Thapa NK. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:1524-1526.
A 2010 outbreak of Bacillus anthracis among humans was traced to grazing farm animals in the Himalayan nation of Bhutan in South Asia, according…
In the Journals

USPSTF: Screen sexually active young women for chlamydia, gonorrhea

September 22, 2014
The US Preventive Services Task Force has recommended screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea in sexually active, asymptomatic females aged 24 years…
In the Journals

MSM with, without HIV similarly affected during 2009 H1N1 pandemic

Garg S. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofu082.
During the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic in Bangkok, Thailand, rates of seroconversion to the virus were similar among men who have sex with men…
In the Journals

Acute HIV infection may help control chronic HBV

Jiao Y. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu710.
According to researchers from Beijing You’an Hospital, Capital Medical University in China, the effects of acute HIV infection improve the…
In the Journals

Rotavirus vaccine in children may offer household protection

Cortese M. J Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiu503.
Adults in households with children who had received rotavirus vaccine demonstrated lower rates of gastroenteritis-related hospitalizations, new data…
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