EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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Mass drug administration leads to rapid, partial reduction of malaria

Chaeuea V, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093.infdis/jiy686.
Mass drug administration with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine was able to rapidly interrupt malaria transmission in four villages in Myanmar where the…
In the Journals Plus

HIV-negative MSM on PrEP acquire sexually transmitted HCV

Price JC, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093.infdis/jiy670.
Researchers documented a small number of cases of sexually acquired hepatitis C virus infection among men who have sex with men, or MSM, taking…
In the Journals Plus

Procalcitonin-guided algorithm safely reduces duration of antibiotic therapy

Townsend J, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy327.
The use of a procalcitonin-guided algorithm reduces the duration of antibiotic therapy among patients with lower respiratory tract infections without…
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Each day of antibiotic exposure increases risk for resistance

Teshome BF, et al. Pharmacotherapy. 2018;doi:10.1002/phar.2201.
Each additional day of exposure to antibiotics increases the risk for the development new resistance, retrospective study findings published in…
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Severe thrombocytopenia rare but potentially fatal in patients with Zika

Van Dyne EA, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy325.
Severe thrombocytopenia is a rare but potentially fatal outcome in patients with Zika virus infection, and treating such cases for idiopathic…
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Prevalence of anogenital warts declines significantly in US adults attending STD clinics

Mann LM, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093.infdis/jiy684.
There was a significant decline in the prevalence of anogenital warts between 2010 and 2016 among adults who attended STD clinics, according to…
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HPV seroprevalence comparable among MSM, women

Lewis RM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018; 10.1093/cid/ciy1002.
The prevalence of four HPV types that cause most genital warts and cervical cancers is comparable among unvaccinated, sexually experienced men who…
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Undernutrition a ‘potent accelerant’ of TB epidemic

Sinha P, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;
Undernutrition, which affects nearly 800 million people worldwide, is a “potent accelerant” of the global tuberculosis epidemic…
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Elderly in nursing homes have 40% higher risk for antibiotic-resistant UTIs

Pulcini C, et al. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018;doi:10.1093/joc/dky488.
Elderly residents of nursing homes had an approximately 40% higher risk for developing antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae urinary tract…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

‘Expected practice’ intervention reduces antibiotic prescriptions

Yadav K, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy319.
An “expected practice” intervention centered around prescribing shorter courses of antibiotics for standard infections substantially…
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Additional dose of measles vaccine unnecessary in patients with HIV

Loevinsohn G, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;
Findings from a systematic review of published studies showed there is no need for an additional dose of measles vaccine in HIV-infected adolescents…
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Frequent reprocessor filter changes stopped M. avium pseudo-outbreak

Seidelman JL, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.298.
Increasing the frequency of filter changes from quarterly to monthly in automated endoscope reprocessors stopped a pseudo-outbreak of Mycobacterium
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Study: 78% of women complied with mail-based HPV self-testing program

Reiter PL, et al. Sex Transm Dis. 2018;doi:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000944.
Almost 80% of women returned HPV self-testing kits in the mail during a pilot study conducted in the Appalachian region of Ohio — an indication…
In the Journals Plus

Hepatitis E prevalent among patients with HIV in Central African Republic

Sibiro OAD, et al. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2018;
Hepatitis E is prevalent in patients living with HIV in Bangui, the capital city of the Central African Republic, researchers reported. According to…
In the Journals Plus

Defective bronchoscope blamed for cluster of multidrug-resistant infections

Galdys AL, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.263.
Researchers determined that a defective bronchoscope was likely the source of a cluster of multidrug-resistant infections among patients in a medical…
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