EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals

Low levels of influenza documented in US through summer

Blanton L. MMWR. 2014;63:861-864.
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, influenza A(H3N2) and influenza B viruses circulated worldwide from May 18 to Sept. 20, but the United States experienced low…
In the Journals

More evidence may be needed to confirm long-term HPV vaccine efficacy

Deleré Y. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2014;111:584-591.
Study data from long-term observation did not indicate any loss of antiviral protection after vaccination against HPV types 16 and 18, but stronger…
In the Journals

Beta-lactam monotherapy failed to show noninferiority for CAP

Garin N. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.4887.
Researchers were unable to demonstrate noninferiority of beta-lactam monotherapy compared with beta-lactam/macrolide combination therapy for…
In the Journals

Typhoid surveillance, vaccination lacking in endemic areas

Date K. MMWR. 2014;63:855-860.
Among the 48 countries in the WHO Southeast Asia and Western Pacific regions, only nine reported implementing typhoid vaccination programs and 23…
In the Journals

Low vaccination rates, comorbidities risk factors for pH1N1-related pneumonia

Gomez AG. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2009.140115.
Low vaccination coverage and comorbidities such as diabetes and obesity appeared to be significant risk factors for influenza-related pneumonia in…
In the Journals

Intervention may not reduce risky behaviors among those with HIV

Samet JH. Addiction. 2014;doi:10.1111/add.12716.
Behavioral intervention did not lead to a significant reduction of risky behaviors in HIV-infected heavy drinkers, according to recently published…
In the Journals

In California, rate of diagnosed congenital toxoplasmosis low

Jones JL. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;9:1573-1574.
From 1998 to 2012, only two cases of clinically identified congenital toxoplasmosis were seen in children born in California, according to recent…
In the Journals

Azole-resistant A. fumigatus yet to emerge in US

Pham C. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:1498-1503.
Azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus is common in Europe; however, the rates are extremely low in the United States, according to CDC…
In the Journals

Genetic changes identified in second wave of H7N9 epidemic in China

Lu J. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:1582-1583.
Influenza A(H7N9) isolates from a second wave of the 2013-2014 epidemic in China were genetically different than those in the first wave, according…
In the Journals

Tdap vaccination rate low among pregnant women on Medicaid

Housey M. MMWR. 2014;63:839-842.
Only 14.3% of women on Medicaid in Michigan received the Tdap vaccine during their pregnancies from November 2011 to February 2013, according to…
In the Journals

After long-term ART, HIV mortality in S. Africa, N. America comparable

Boulle A. PLoS Med. 2014;doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001718.
Researchers from the University of Cape Town in South Africa have found that the mortality rate among patients on HIV treatment in South African…
In the Journals

Rapid response, inspector experience critical in E. coli outbreaks in UK

Pennington TH. Infect Drug Resist. 2014;4:211-222.
A review of Escherichia coli O157 outbreaks in the United Kingdom from the 1980s to 2013 highlighted two key lessons: Rapid response to an outbreak…
In the Journals

MERS fatality rates highest among men

Alghamdi I. Int J Gen Med. 2014;7:417-423.
The recent epidemic of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Saudi Arabia had high fatality rates, especially among men, according to the…
In the Journals

Effective implementation of nine-valent HPV vaccination could prevent majority of cervical cancers

Joura E. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014;doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0410.
Most cervical precancers appear to be caused by one of nine types of HPV, according to study results. The findings suggest an investigational…
In the Journals

Amblyomma aureolatum ticks transmit disease faster than previously thought

Saraiva DG. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;9:1504-1510.
New research shows that Amblyomma aureolatum ticks that had recently fed on another host needed only minutes to transmit Rickettsia rickettsii
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