EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals PlusPerspective

Used socks reveal odor that attracts mosquitoes to malaria patients

Robinson A, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2018;doi:10.1073/pnas.1721610115.
Used socks helped researchers identify compounds in the skin odor of malaria patients that make them more attractive to mosquitoes. Previous research…
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HPV vaccine lacks efficacy in adults with HIV

Wilkin TJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy274.
Results of a phase 3 trial recently published in Clinical Infectious Diseases showed that the quadrivalent HPV vaccine was not effective in…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Short-term exposure to air pollution particles causes respiratory infections

Horne BD, et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018;doi:10.1164/rccm.201709-1883OC.
Researchers have concluded that health care encounters for acute lower respiratory infections in young children, as well as in older children and…
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Researchers ID four types of nonbiomedical PrEP failure

Serota DP, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy297.
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is effective. In high-risk patients, it can reduce the risk for HIV by up to 92%, according to the CDC. But…
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Zika may be infectious in semen for only a few weeks

Mead PS, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1711038.
Feldmann H. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMe1803212.
New study findings indicate there is a short period of time that men infected with Zika virus can sexually transmit it to others — perhaps just…
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Four-gene signature predicts TB progression

Suliman S, et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018;doi:10.1164/rccm.201711-2340OC.
A genetic signature predicted the progression of tuberculosis in household contacts of active cases up to 2 years before disease onset, according to…
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Study explores risk factors for household Ebola transmission

Reichler MR, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy204.
A study conducted during the worst Ebola virus epidemic on record identified risk factors for transmission of the disease among household contacts…
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Patients with Buruli ulcer benefit by delaying surgery decision

Wadagni AC, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30160-9.
Johnson PDR. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30186-5.
Study findings suggest that patients being treated for Buruli ulcer benefit from delaying the decision of whether to undergo excision surgery, once…
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Hepatitis B increases mortality risk in patients with acute hepatitis E

Lai JCT, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy234.
Chronic hepatitis B virus infection is an independent risk factor for liver-related mortality in people with acute hepatitis E virus infection…
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Gepotidacin shows promise against gonorrhea in phase 2 trial

Taylor SN, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy145.
Phase 2 data recently published in Clinical Infectious Diseases showed that oral gepotidacin was more than 95% effective against uncomplicated…
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Researchers identify shortcomings in medical male circumcision education

Tobian AAR, et al. Clin Infect Dis.2018;doi:10.1093/cid/cix1036.
Although male circumcision reduces the likelihood of contracting HIV through heterosexual sex by 60%, a focus on HIV prevention and sex education…
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Ivermectin shows promise as antimalaria tool

Smit MR, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30163-4.
Rabinovich NR. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30176-2.
A common antiparasitic drug first used in animals almost 40 years ago may be a promising new tool for malaria elimination, researchers said…
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Albendazole improves stamina of women farmers with hookworm

Salmon M, et al. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018;doi:10.4269/ajtmh.17-0403.
One dose of albendazole improved the stamina of women farmers with hookworm in sub-Saharan Africa, according to researchers. The findings, published…
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Preprint research underused in disease outbreaks

Johansson MA, et al. PLoS Med. 2018;doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002549.
Preprint scientific manuscripts are “a critical component of outbreak science” and should be more broadly used to give scientists and…
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Previous hospital bed occupants pose serious HAI risk to future patients

Cohen B, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.22.
Hospital patients with health care-associated infections were nearly six times more likely than uninfected patients to have been exposed to a bed…
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