EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals PlusPerspective

Used socks reveal odor that attracts mosquitoes to malaria patients

Robinson A, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2018;doi:10.1073/pnas.1721610115.
Used socks helped researchers identify compounds in the skin odor of malaria patients that make them more attractive to mosquitoes. Previous research…
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HPV vaccine lacks efficacy in adults with HIV

Wilkin TJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy274.
Results of a phase 3 trial recently published in Clinical Infectious Diseases showed that the quadrivalent HPV vaccine was not effective in…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Short-term exposure to air pollution particles causes respiratory infections

Horne BD, et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018;doi:10.1164/rccm.201709-1883OC.
Researchers have concluded that health care encounters for acute lower respiratory infections in young children, as well as in older children and…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Researchers ID four types of nonbiomedical PrEP failure

Serota DP, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy297.
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is effective. In high-risk patients, it can reduce the risk for HIV by up to 92%, according to the CDC. But…
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Zika may be infectious in semen for only a few weeks

Mead PS, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1711038.
Feldmann H. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMe1803212.
New study findings indicate there is a short period of time that men infected with Zika virus can sexually transmit it to others — perhaps just…
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Four-gene signature predicts TB progression

Suliman S, et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018;doi:10.1164/rccm.201711-2340OC.
A genetic signature predicted the progression of tuberculosis in household contacts of active cases up to 2 years before disease onset, according to…
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Study explores risk factors for household Ebola transmission

Reichler MR, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy204.
A study conducted during the worst Ebola virus epidemic on record identified risk factors for transmission of the disease among household contacts…
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Patients with Buruli ulcer benefit by delaying surgery decision

Wadagni AC, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30160-9.
Johnson PDR. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30186-5.
Study findings suggest that patients being treated for Buruli ulcer benefit from delaying the decision of whether to undergo excision surgery, once…
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Hepatitis B increases mortality risk in patients with acute hepatitis E

Lai JCT, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy234.
Chronic hepatitis B virus infection is an independent risk factor for liver-related mortality in people with acute hepatitis E virus infection…
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Gepotidacin shows promise against gonorrhea in phase 2 trial

Taylor SN, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy145.
Phase 2 data recently published in Clinical Infectious Diseases showed that oral gepotidacin was more than 95% effective against uncomplicated…
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Researchers identify shortcomings in medical male circumcision education

Tobian AAR, et al. Clin Infect Dis.2018;doi:10.1093/cid/cix1036.
Although male circumcision reduces the likelihood of contracting HIV through heterosexual sex by 60%, a focus on HIV prevention and sex education…
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Ivermectin shows promise as antimalaria tool

Smit MR, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30163-4.
Rabinovich NR. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30176-2.
A common antiparasitic drug first used in animals almost 40 years ago may be a promising new tool for malaria elimination, researchers said…
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Albendazole improves stamina of women farmers with hookworm

Salmon M, et al. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018;doi:10.4269/ajtmh.17-0403.
One dose of albendazole improved the stamina of women farmers with hookworm in sub-Saharan Africa, according to researchers. The findings, published…
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Preprint research underused in disease outbreaks

Johansson MA, et al. PLoS Med. 2018;doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002549.
Preprint scientific manuscripts are “a critical component of outbreak science” and should be more broadly used to give scientists and…
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Previous hospital bed occupants pose serious HAI risk to future patients

Cohen B, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.22.
Hospital patients with health care-associated infections were nearly six times more likely than uninfected patients to have been exposed to a bed…
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