EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals PlusPerspective

Nine genes may predict immune response to influenza vaccine

Avey S, et al. Sci Immunol. 2017;doi:10.1126/sciimmunol.aal4656.
Researchers studied more than 32,000 genes and identified nine that that may help predict successful human immune response to influenza vaccinations…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

B. cepacia outbreak yields pointers for multi-institutional response

Marquez L, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2017;doi: 10.1017/ice.2017.11.
A 2016 outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia has left clinicians with lessons on an effective response, including sharing information among facilities…
In the Journals Plus

Most parents support school-entry HPV vaccination requirements if opt-outs exist

Calo WA, et al. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2016;doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-15-1159.
A majority of parents supported laws that would make HPV vaccination mandatory for school entry if their state offered opt-out provisions, according…
In the Journals

Frequently undercooked chicken liver propagates Campylobacter infection in UK

Jones AK, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;doi:10.3201/eid2207.151775.
Residents and chefs in the United Kingdom appear to prefer chicken livers cooked rare, resulting in a substantial portion of commercially served…
In the Journals

Asymptomatic bacteriuria no more prevalent in female ARD patients than healthy controls

Georgiadou SP. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu938.
Asymptomatic bacteriuria appeared to be prevalent among immunocompromised women with autoimmune rheumatic disease, but it was no more common in…
In the Journals

Corticosteroid treatment for influenza may increase mortality risk

Rodrigo C. J Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiu645.
Based on results from observational studies, treatment with corticosteroids for suspected influenza complications may be associated with increased…
In the Journals

Some treatments for cystic echinococcosis considered medically unsound

Nabarro LE. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu931.
Significant disparities exist worldwide in the management of cystic echinococcosis, according to recent findings. Moreover, there are aspects of…
In the Journals

Black, diabetic prison inmates at greater coccidioidomycosis risk

Wheeler C. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;doi:10.3201/eid2101.140836.
Among inmates detained at two California prisons in 2011, black race and diabetes were associated with increased risk for coccidioidomycosis…
In the Journals

Rectal colonization associated with infection after transrectal prostate biopsy

Liss MA. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu1129.
Rectal colonization with fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli before a transrectal prostate biopsy was associated with a post-procedure…
In the Journals

Outbreaks related to nonpasteurized milk have increased since 2007

Mungai EA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2101.140447.
The number of infectious outbreaks associated with nonpasteurized milk in the United States increased between 2007 and 2012, according to recent…
In the Journals

Influenza activity low but rising nationwide

Rolfes M. MMWR. 2014;63:1189-1194.
From Sept. 28 to Dec. 6, almost 125,000 respiratory specimens in the United States were tested for influenza and 10.9% were positive, according to…
In the Journals

Novel, cheap DNA sequencer identified S. typhi resistance

Ashton PM. Nat Biotechnol. 2014;doi:10.1038/nbt.3103.
A novel nanopore DNA sequencer could rapidly diagnose infection at a greatly reduced price, according to recent data. Researchers tested the…
In the Journals

Cryptosporidiosis outbreak linked to calves involved in rollover accident

Webb LM. MMWR. 2014;63:1185-1188.
An outbreak of six cases of cryptosporidiosis was identified among emergency responders to a rollover accident involving a tractor-trailer carrying…
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