EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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In the Journals PlusPerspective

Canadian review: ‘Negligible’ risk for HIV from virally suppressed patients on ART

Elliott R. CMAJ. 2018;doi:10.1503/cmaj.181405. LeMessurier J, et al. CMAJ. 2018;doi:10.1503/cmaj.180311.
There is a “negligible” risk that a patient with HIV who is on antiretroviral therapy and maintains viral suppression at a certain level…
In the Journals Plus

14 million additional adolescents needed to reach HPV vaccination goal

Fedewa SA, et al. Cancer. 2018;doi:10.1002/cncr.31763.
HPV vaccination rates among adolescents must increase substantially for the American Cancer Society to achieve its goal of 80% prevalence by 2026…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

MDROs transmitted ‘early, readily, and frequently’ between patient and room

Chen LF, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.275.
Study findings showed that multidrug-resistant organisms, or MDROs, are transmitted “early, readily, and frequently” between patients and…
In the Journals Plus

Multidrug-resistant Salmonella emerges in US

Brown, AC, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;doi/10.3201/eid2412.180500.
The emergence of a multidrug-resistant strain of Salmonella in the United States is cause for concern and health care providers should be aware of…
In the Journals Plus

Algorithm outperforms radiologists in detecting active pulmonary TB

Hwang EJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy967/5174137.
Researchers developed an automated algorithm that was able to detect active pulmonary tuberculosis on chest radiographs better than all groups of…
In the Journals Plus

Rat lungworm ‘widespread’ in New Orleans, raising risk for humans

Rael RC, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;doi.10.3201/eid2412.180056.
Rat lungworm is “widespread” among rodents in New Orleans, with an overall prevalence comparable to areas where the parasite is…
In the Journals Plus

Substance use does not lower adherence to PrEP in MSM

Hoenigl M, et al. Emerg Infect Dis.2018; Dec;24(12); doi: 10.3201/eid2412.180400.
Study findings showed that substance use does not affect adherence to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, among men who have sex with men or…
In the Journals Plus

Study shows declining efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics to prevent SSIs following colorectal surgery

Gandra S, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018:doi:10.1017/ice.
The efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in preventing surgical site infections following colorectal surgery has declined, according to results from…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Salmonella infections declined after NYC required restaurants to post inspection grades

Firestone MJ, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.3201/eid2412.180544.
In New York City, Salmonella infections declined after the city health department mandated that restaurants post inspection letter grades in their…
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In the Journals PlusPerspective

National program improves hand hygiene, infection control in Australia

Grayson ML, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30491-2.
A national initiative implemented 8 years ago in Australia has significantly improved hand hygiene compliance among health care workers and led to a…
In the Journals Plus

7-day metronidazole ‘better’ than single dose to treat trichomoniasis in women

Kissinger P, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30423-7.
Results from an open-label, randomized controlled trial showed that a 7-day dose of metronidazole is superior to a single dose of metronidazole for…
In the Journals Plus

2 strains of bacteria cause nearly all TB cases in China

Liu Q, et al. Nat Ecol Evol. 2018;doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0680-6.
Just two strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis account for almost all cases of tuberculosis in China, according to study findings published in…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Three-drug regimen more effective for treatment of lymphatic filariasis

King CL, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1706854.
A three-drug regimen including ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine and albendazole is more effective for the treatment of lymphatic filariasis than the…
In the Journals Plus

Piperacillin-tazobactam ‘particularly damaging’ to gut microbiota

Pettigrew MM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy936.
Piperacillin-tazobactam is “particularly damaging” to human gut microbiota and its use is associated with a low abundance of potentially…
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