EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in infectious disease
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Free testing, drug discounts improve use of ACTs for malaria

OMeara WP, et al. PLoS Med. 2018;doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002607.
In western Kenya, a community-based intervention that included free malaria testing and discounts on artemisinin-based combination therapies for…
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Researchers identify risk factors for avian influenza at live bird markets

Zhou X, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy400.
At live bird markets, the risk for avian influenza is higher among workers at large retail markets, women workers, and workers who clean, slaughter…
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Simultaneous kidney, pancreas transplant predicts SSI

Natori Y, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.148.
Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation and longer pancreas ischemic times were risk factors for surgical site infections, according to…
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National intervention halves CRE incidence across Israeli LTCFs

Ben-David D, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy572.
A national intervention in Israel targeting carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, or CRE, led to a 50% reduction in the infections in long-term…
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Tenofovir for chronic HBV reduces risk for hepatocellular carcinoma

Nguyen MH, et al. J Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy391.
In patients with chronic hepatitis B infection, treatment with tenofovir disoproxil may significantly reduce the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma…
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High numbers of HIV-positive MSM not being tested for syphilis

de Voux A, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.10.1093/cid/ciy571.
Nearly one-third of sexually active HIV-positive men who have sex with men are not tested for syphilis at least annually, researchers reported in a…
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Among ESBL-producing organisms, K. pneumoniae may be deadlier than E. coli

Burnham JP, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.142.
Scheuerman O, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.63.
In a retrospective evaluation of patients at a St. Louis hospital, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing — or ESBL-producing —…
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Citizen scientists discover disease-carrying ticks in 83 new US counties

Nieto NC, et al. PLoS One. 2018;doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0199644.
Researchers discovered that ticks capable of carrying Lyme and other tick-borne diseases were found in 83 counties where they had previously never
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TB vaccines ineffective against initial infection

Nemes E, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1714021.
In a recent phase 2 trial, an investigational tuberculosis vaccine, H4:IC31, and the bacille Calmette-Guérin, or BCG, vaccine both lacked efficacy…
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HCV vaccine could reduce transmission in people who inject drugs

Major N, e al. Sci Transl. Med. 2018;doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aao4496.
A vaccine that would provide incomplete immunity against hepatitis C virus could still reduce the spread of the virus among drug users sharing…
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Grapes pressed with infected mice caused tularemia outbreak at German winery

Burckhardt F, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;doi:10.1056/NEJMc1800353.
The consumption of grape must from fruit that had been accidentally pressed with infected mice appeared to be the cause of a small 2016 outbreak of…
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MSM offer positive feedback on home-based PrEP care program

Siegler AJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;doi:10.1093/cid/ciy529.
Researchers have designed a home-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, program that could reduce the number of routine clinic visits needed…
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Gene study shows men may need higher antibiotic doses for gonorrhea

Nudel K, et al. mSphere. 2018;doi:10.1128/mSphereDirect.00312-18.
Men infected with gonorrhea had a higher expression of antimicrobial resistant genes compared with infected women, suggesting that men may need…
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Researchers use tiny transmitters to track Chagas disease-spreading ‘kissing bugs’

Hamer GL, et al. J Med Entomol. 2018;doi:10.1093/jme/tjy094.
A team of Texas A&M researchers fastened miniature radio transmitters to the backs of elusive triatomine bugs to track and study their movements…
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Online interactive program leads to lower STD rates among young MSM

Mustanski B et al. Am J Prev Med. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2018.04.026.
An online intervention program for young HIV-negative men who have sex with men resulted in significantly lower STD incidences and a decrease in…
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