Recently published studies have demonstrated new developments on the effect diet and nutrition have on gastrointestinal diseases.
In case you missed it, the editors of Healio Gastroenterology and Liver Disease have compiled a recap of some of our most recent popular articles involving diet and nutrition.
Malnutrition common in IBD: Screen early, often to best care for patients
Malnutrition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease poses risks for disease progression and surgical complications, but careful screening and proactive nutrition management can help, according to an expert presenting at the Crohn’s and Colitis Congress 2019.
“How do you know if your patient is at nutrition risk and would benefit from a referral to a dietitian? We should be screening our patients,” Kelly Issokson, MS, RD, CNSC, from Cedars Sinai, said during her presentation. “All you need to do is ask them two simple questions: have you lost weight recently without trying and are you eating less because of a poor appetite. If they say ‘Yes’ to any of those questions, you really should be referring to a dietitian.” READ MORE.
VIDEO: Diet, nutrition may offer ‘precision medicine’ approach to IBD
In this exclusive video from Crohn’s & Colitis Congress 2019, D. Brent Polk, MD, AGAF, an attending physician at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, offers some highlights from the meeting.
“We’ve had a very exciting meeting thus far, as we have heard from clinician experts on the guidelines in care, what’s working well, what’s not working well and how do we improve the care and health of individuals and outcomes for their families of people with inflammatory bowel disease,” Polk, who is also the organizing committee chair of the Crohn’s & Colitis Congress, told Healio Gastroenterology and Liver Disease. READ MORE.
VIDEO: 'Tying it all together' in IBD – microbiome, diet and brain
In this exclusive video from Crohn’s & Colitis Congress 2019, Joel R. Rosh, MD, director of pediatric gastroenterology at Goryeb Children’s Hospital, discusses some of the main takeaways from the meeting.
Rosh, who is also a professor of pediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, noted that one of the sessions he attended focused on nutrition, which according to him, is something that patients are most interested in. READ MORE.
Low sugar diet for pediatric NAFLD improves hepatic steatosis
An 8-week diet low in free sugar content significantly improved hepatic steatosis among adolescent boys with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease compared with their usual diet, according to a study published in JAMA.
“There are no approved pharmacological therapies for the treatment of NAFLD,” Jeffrey B. Schwimmer, MD, from the University of California in San Diego, and colleagues wrote. “Pediatric guidelines recommend ‘lifestyle modification to improve diet,’ but do not support one specific diet over another because of the limited available evidence. Among the various dietary options, limiting sugar intake is easily targetable in part because sugar is not a required nutrient.” READ MORE.
Higher intakes of fiber, whole grains protect against noncommunicable diseases
Consuming high amounts of dietary fiber and whole grains was associated with reduced risk for noncommunicable diseases, such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and colorectal cancer, according to findings published in The Lancet.
“Previous reviews and meta-analyses have usually examined a single indicator of carbohydrate quality and a limited number of diseases, so it has not been possible to establish which foods to recommend for protecting against a range of conditions,” Jim Mann, PhD, professor in human nutrition and medicine at the University of Otago, New Zealand, said in a press release. READ MORE.