Children with obesity and sleep-disordered breathing are more likely to have persistent sleep conditions into adolescence vs. children without obesity, whereas children who lose weight are more likely to experience remission of sleep-disordered breathing symptoms, according to study findings published in Pediatric Obesity.
Childhood sleep-disordered breathing, which includes primary snoring and obstructive sleep apnea, is viewed as a disorder caused by anatomic abnormalities of the upper airway, such as enlarged tonsils, and first-line treatment is typically adeno/tonsillectomy, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, PhD, CBSM, associate professor, clinical psychologist and director of the Behavioral Sleep Medicine Program and Sleep Research and Treatment Center at Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, Pennsylvania, and colleagues wrote in the study background. However, several recent studies have suggested that up to 70% of childhood sleep-disordered breathing is likely to remit over time, yet there is limited literature on the factors leading to such high remission rates.
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