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IVF increases spontaneous preterm birth risk by 80%

November 17, 2017

Read the Perspective from Zev Williams, MD, PhD

Women who become pregnant through in vitro fertilization, or IVF, have an 80% higher risk for spontaneous preterm birth before both 37 and 34 weeks gestation, compared with those who conceived naturally, according to a study published in Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

“Preterm birth is more common among IVF as compared to natural conception,” Paolo Cavoretto, MD, from the gynecology and obstetrics department at IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, and colleagues wrote. “However, the extent to which this is due to spontaneous labor or to iatrogenic indications has not been determined.”

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