EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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Diet intervention fails to reduce ‘ubiquitous’ BPA exposure for teens

Galloway TS, et al. BMJ Open. 2018;doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018742.
Adolescents who created real-world diets attempting to avoid exposure to bisphenol A, or BPA, for 7 days experienced no change in urinary BPA levels…
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In dementia-free adults with diabetes, brain atrophy already present

Fang F, et al. J Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdb.12646.
Middle-aged adults with type 2 diabetes without any outward signs of cognitive impairment have less global gray matter volume than healthy adults, an…
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Ischemic heart disease risk four times higher in adults with type 1 diabetes vs. without diabetes

Groop P, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1618.
In the first 10 years after a type 1 diabetes diagnosis the risk for death from acute diabetes complications is increased, and in the years…
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High-deductible health plans may decrease direct hospitalizations in diabetes

Wharam JF, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1183.
People with diabetes who transitioned to a high-deductible health plan had fewer direct hospitalizations than they had when enrolled in a…
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SUSTAIN 7: Semaglutide superior to dulaglutide for lowering HbA1c

Pratley RE, et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30024-X.
Tahrani AA, et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30049-4.
Adults with type 2 diabetes assigned semaglutide 0.5 mg or 1 mg had greater reductions in HbA1c and body weight compared with those assigned to…
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Key liver enzyme may predict gestational diabetes

Kong M, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13558.
High levels of the liver enzyme gamma-glutamyl transferase, or GGT, an indicator of high oxidative stress, measured during early and middle pregnancy…
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Maternal ibuprofen use in early pregnancy may harm daughters’ fertility

Leverrier-Penna S, et al. Hum Reprod. 2018;doi:10.1093/humrep/dex383.
The store of eggs in the ovaries of female offspring may be affected by maternal ibuprofen use in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy, according to…
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Type 2 diabetes confers greater risk for subsequent CV-related hospitalization

Coutinho AD, et al. Curr Med Res Opin. 2018;doi:10.1080/03007995.2018.1434497.
Patients hospitalized for a cardiovascular event have a nearly 20% higher risk for a subsequent CV hospitalization if they have type 2 diabetes vs…
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Hashimoto’s thyroiditis associated with favorable outcomes in papillary thyroid carcinoma

Song E, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2017;doi:10.1111/cen.13475.
Researchers in South Korea reported that the presence of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis was linked with favorable outcomes in patients with papillary…
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Proliferative diabetic retinopathy points to increased CVD risk in type 1 diabetes

Gordin D, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-2250.
Even more than chronic kidney disease, presence of proliferative diabetic retinopathy increased the risk for cardiovascular disease in adults with…
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Elevated diabetes distress linked to higher HbA1c in adolescent diabetes

Hagger V, et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/pedi.12641.
Adolescents with type 1 diabetes who report a high level of diabetes distress are more likely to have higher HbA1c vs. patients reporting lower…
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Sticking with DASH diet decreases obesity risk in adolescents

Farhadnejad H, et al. Pediatr Obes. 2018;doi:10.1111/ijpo.12268.
Adolescents adhering to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, characterized by greater consumption of whole grains, fruits, vegetables…
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Maternal vitamin D status tied to offspring obesity risk

Daraki V, et al. Pediatr Obes. 2018;doi:10.1111/ijpo.12267.
The risk for childhood obesity at age 4 and 6 years is increased in children born to mothers with very low vitamin D status, study data show. …
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Higher BMI, adiposity predict cardiac autonomic dysfunction in adolescent diabetes

Cho YH, et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/pedi.12642.
Among adolescents with type 1 diabetes, greater central adiposity and BMI standard deviation score were predictors of poor heart rate variability…
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Mental health status may influence weight loss with intensive lifestyle intervention

Alhalel N, et al. Obes Sci Pract. 2018;doi:10.1002/osp4.157.
Hispanic women with prediabetes and overweight or obesity who were assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention for 1 year experienced a greater…

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