EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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In the Journals PlusPerspective

Type 1 diabetes prevalence linked to ‘food swamps’

Lee DC, et al. J Endocr Soc. 2018;doi:10.1210/js.2018-00001.
A high proportion of neighborhood fast food restaurants was associated with a higher prevalence of type 1 diabetes in adults and children in New York…
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HbA1c, wound healing unrelated in diabetic foot ulcers

Fesseha BK, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1683.
Among patients with long-term diabetic foot ulcers, neither baseline HbA1c nor change in HbA1c was associated with wound healing time, according to…
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Estrogen after oophorectomy does not increase breast cancer risk

Kotsopoulos J, et al. JAMA Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.0211.
The use of estrogen following preventive oophorectomy did not appear to increase the risk for breast cancer among women carrying a BRCA1 mutation…
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In adrenal emergencies, high variability in management persists

Burger-Stritt S, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13608.
Adults with adrenal insufficiency who experience adrenal emergencies have widely varying wait times for lifesaving glucocorticoid administration…
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Lower mortality with SGLT2 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists than DPP-IV inhibitors in diabetes

Zheng SL, et al. JAMA. 2018;doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3024.
Among patients with type 2 diabetes, the use of SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists is associated with lower risk for all-cause mortality…
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Tailored letter promotes weight management in women with gestational diabetes

Hedderson MM, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1133.
Women with gestational diabetes who received a personalized letter were more likely to meet recommendations for weight gain during pregnancy than…
In the Journals Plus

Antepartum 1-hour glucose value predicts future insulin use

Nishikawa T, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12848.
In pregnant women, 1-hour plasma glucose value after an oral glucose tolerance test predicts future insulin therapy initiation and a postpartum…
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Diabetes risk higher, mortality risk lower among Asian vs. white adults

Lee JR, et al. J Diabetes Complications. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.04.001.
Asian adults in the U.S. are at least 20% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes over the course of a decade than their white counterparts, yet they…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Frequency of menopausal symptoms associated with vascular dysfunction

Hildreth KL, et al. Menopause. 2018;doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000001112.
Increased frequency and severity of menopausal symptoms are associated with vascular dysfunction and lower quality of life during menopausal…
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Weekly classes improve outcomes of vegan, portion-controlled diets in diabetes management

Barnard ND, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.jand.2017.11.017.
Adults with type 2 diabetes assigned to low-fat vegan or portion-controlled diets, combined with weekly nutrition classes, experienced weight loss…
In the Journals Plus

Nasal glucagon safe, effective in treating hypoglycemic events in children at home, school

Deeb LC, et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/pedi.12668.
Children with type 1 diabetes who experienced a moderate hypoglycemic event returned to euglycemic status within 30 minutes of receiving nasal…
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Childhood obesity project identifies successful strategies in 4 US communities

Kauh TJ, et al. Child Obes. 2018;doi:10.1089/chi.2018.0018.
Researchers from a collaborative team studying successful antiobesity strategies identified four U.S. communities implementing programs and policies…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Novel neuropeptide may hold clues to obesity, diabetes risk

Lin CY, et al. J Endocr Soc. 2018;doi:10.1210/js.2018-00020.
Levels of circulating spexin, a newly identified neuropeptide, decrease with age and may predict risk for obesity and diabetes, according to findings…
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Specialized diabetes teams reduce hospital readmissions, costs

Bansal V, et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2018;doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2017-000460.
Hospitalized patients with diabetes managed by a specialized diabetes team were less likely to be readmitted within 30 days vs. patients managed by a…
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Nutritional status changes fracture risk in hypothalamic amenorrhea

Kandemir N, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-00338.
Adolescent girls and young women with hypothalamic amenorrhea have differing fracture risks depending on whether the condition was brought on by…
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