EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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High maternal triglycerides may predict preterm birth risk

Lin XH, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-01372.
Women with high triglyceride levels in early pregnancy are more likely to experience preterm delivery than women with normal triglyceride levels…
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Low-risk thyroid cancer diagnoses increasing as ultrasound use rises

Haymart MR, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-01933.
The use of thyroid ultrasound as initial imaging for older adults increased by more than 20% per year between 2002 and 2013, corresponding with an…
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Depression may cause nonclassical hypogonadism

Korenman S, et al. J Endocr Soc. 2018;doi:10.1210/js.2018-00137.
Among young men, depression may be an underlying cause of nonclassical hypogonadism, according to findings from a database analysis published in the…
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Adverse childhood experiences increase prediabetes markers in adulthood

Campbell JA, et al. J Diabetes Complications. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.09.006.
Adults who reported adverse childhood experiences are at greater risk for developing higher BMI, waist circumference, insulin resistance and other…
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Phone-based weight-loss intervention may be effective for breast cancer survivors

Greenlee H, et al. Obesity. 2018;doi:10.1002/oby.22269.
Female breast cancer survivors who adhered to a 12-month weight-loss intervention program that used telephone-based counseling were able to lose an…
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Repaglinide may be effective vs. sulfonylurea in older adults with type 2 diabetes

Omori K, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12889.
Lean older adults with type 2 diabetes experienced lower glycated albumin levels and less glucose variability when using repaglinide vs…
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Diabetes, stress hyperglycemia worsen stroke outcomes

Lau LH, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12932.
Patients with diabetes and/or stress hyperglycemia are at a higher risk for poorer stroke outcomes than the general population, according to findings…
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Vitamin D deficiency may increase breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women

Machado MRM, et al. Menopause. 2018;doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000001203.
Postmenopausal women with recently diagnosed breast cancer had a higher risk for developing vitamin D deficiency vs. similar women without the…
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Artificial pancreas may reduce diabetes distress, improve disease management

Adams RN, et al. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2018;doi:10.1089/dia.2018.0174.
Adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes who used a hybrid closed-loop insulin system reported fewer symptoms of diabetes distress and improved
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Sarcopenia risk elevated for older adults with diabetes, high body fat percentage, low BMI

Fukuoka Y, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12908.
High body fat percentage coupled with low BMI increases the risk for sarcopenia in older adults with diabetes, according to findings from…
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Inhaled insulin improves glucose control in type 1 diabetes

Akturk HK, et al. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2018;doi:10.1089/dia.2018.0200.
Compared with multiple daily insulin injections, inhaled insulin was shown to provide benefits for adults with type 1 diabetes, including improved…
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Obesity may increase risk for colorectal cancer among women

Liu P et al. JAMA Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.4280.
Women with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater demonstrated an increased risk for early-onset colorectal cancer, according to data from the ongoing…
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Increasing insulin resistance linked to low lean body mass in aging men

Zhong VW, et al. J Diabetes Complications. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.09.011.
Compared with men who experienced stable or relatively low increase in insulin resistance between young adulthood and middle age, those whose insulin…
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EMPA-REG: Empagliflozin can add 4 years to life expectancy in diabetes with CVD

Claggett B, et al. Circulation. 2018;doi:10.1161/circulationaha.118.033810.
Adults with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease who take the SGLT2 inhibitor empagliflozin can expect to live between 1 and 5…
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FDA-cleared blood glucose monitors not always accurate

Klonoff DC, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1960.
In a series of tests, only six of 18 blood glucose monitoring systems that have been cleared by the FDA consistently delivered levels of accuracy…
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