EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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Thyroid cancer doubles risk for heart disease in men vs. women

Park J, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-02629.
Male thyroid cancer survivors are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease in the 5 years after diagnosis vs. women, according to findings…
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Lifestyle advice alone fails to reduce type 2 diabetes risk

Jølle A, et al. Open Diab Res Care.2018;doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2018-000509.
Among Norwegian adults at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes, twice-yearly group sessions designed to teach lifestyle modifications did not…
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In metabolically healthy obesity, risk remains for CVD in women

Eckel N, et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1016/s2213-8587(18)30137-2.
Women with metabolically healthy obesity are at increased long-term risk for cardiovascular disease vs. metabolically healthy normal-weight women…
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Novel genomic sequence classifier improves detection of benign thyroid nodules

Patel KN, et al. JAMA Surg. 2018;doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1153.
A new genomic sequencing classifier accurately classified more thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology as benign vs. its predecessor, the gene…
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Seafood intake may influence time to pregnancy among couples trying to conceive

Gaskins AJ, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-00385.
Couples in which both partners consume at least two servings of seafood per week are more likely to report pregnancy within 12 months and a greater…
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Anxiety levels may predict fracture risk in postmenopausal women

Catalano A, et al. Menopause. 2018;doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000001123.
Among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, higher anxiety levels increased risk for bone fracture, according to findings published in…
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Early pregnancy obesity, overweight linked to neurodevelopmental delay in offspring

Girchenko P, et al. Int J Obes. 2018;doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0061-x.
Children born to women with overweight or obesity during the early stages of pregnancy have a greater risk for neurodevelopmental delays than those…
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Air pollution may function as endocrine disruptor in boys

Huang JV, et al. Int J Obes. 2018;doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0070-9.
Exposure to air pollution in utero, in infancy and in childhood affects BMI in childhood and early adolescence, with a stronger association…
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Fracture rate similar among young women with, without Turner syndrome

Wasserman H, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13614.
Young women with Turner syndrome did not incur fractures more frequently than those without the disease; however, fracture location differed between…
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Egg diet restrictions may be unnecessary for adults with type 2 diabetes

Fuller NR, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018;doi:10.1093/ajcn/nqy048.
Adults with type 2 diabetes who consumed a diet high in eggs did not experience adverse effects on cardiometabolic risks factors when compared with…
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Bone fracture risk rises during ‘drug holidays’

Bindon B, et al. Endocr Pract. 2018;doi:10.4158/EP171975.OR.
Approximately 15% of patients with osteoporosis who stop taking bisphosphonates experience bone fractures, according to study results published in…
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Habit-based interventions effective for maintaining weight loss

Cleo G, et al. Int J Obes. 2018;doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0067-4.
Habit-based weight-loss interventions — either forming new habits or breaking old ones — may aid in achieving long-term weight-loss…
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Vaginal estradiol tablets improve sexual function vs. moisturizer

Diem SJ, et al. Menopause. 2018;doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000001131.
Menopausal women with moderate to severe vulvovaginal symptoms assigned vaginal estradiol tablets plus a placebo moisturizer for 12 weeks reported a…
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Army basic combat training affects bone formation, remodeling in women

Hughes JM, et al. Bone. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.bone.2018.04.021.
Female U.S. Army recruits who underwent 8 weeks of basic combat training experienced marked changes in bone microarchitecture and key biomarkers of…
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Low maternal thyroxine levels associated with lower nonverbal child IQ

Levie D, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-00224.
Children born to mothers with a low level of free thyroxine during pregnancy are more likely to have a lower nonverbal IQ score at age 5 to 8 years…
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