EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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Iodine supplementation lowers Graves’ disease recurrence rates

Huang H, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2017;doi:10.1111/cen.13543.
Adults with newly diagnosed Graves’ disease who were treated with antithyroid drug therapy had a lower recurrence rate when treated with iodine…
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Sucrose octasulfate wound dressing may speed healing in diabetic foot ulcers

Edmonds M, et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017;doi:10.1016/s2213-8587(17)30438-2.
Patients with a noninfected neuroischemic diabetic foot ulcer were more likely to achieve wound closure within 20 weeks when randomly assigned a…
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Long-term low-fat diet does not increase diabetes risk in postmenopausal women

Howard BV, et al. Diabetes Care. 2017;doi:10.2337/dc17-0534.
Postmenopausal women without diabetes assigned to a dietary intervention to decrease fat and increase vegetable, fruit and grain consumption were not…
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Mild maternal thyroid dysfunction may inhibit fetal growth

Johns LE, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-01698.
Subclinical thyroid dysfunction in pregnant women, particularly increased free thyroxine level, is inversely associated with fetal growth indicators…
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Prescriptions, PCP contacts, hospital admissions rise with increasing BMI categories

Nørtoft E, et al. Obes Sci Pract. 2017;doi:10.1002/osp4.148.
In the United States and the United Kingdom, the number of pharmaceutical prescriptions, primary care physician contacts and hospital admissions…
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Meta-analysis: Sugar-sweetened beverages independently linked with overweight, obesity

Luger M, et al. Obes Facts. 2017;doi:10:674-693.
A high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is independently associated with greater BMI or BMI z score, according to findings from a meta-analysis…
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Type 1 diabetes risk unaffected by cutting cow’s milk consumption in infants

Writing Group for the TRGR Study Group. JAMA. 2017;doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19826.
Over 10 years of follow-up, the risk for type 1 diabetes was not reduced when infants with genetic susceptibility to the disease were weaned to…
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Transsphenoidal adenomectomy outcomes worse in premenopausal women with acromegaly

Park SH, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-01844.
Among adults with acromegaly who undergo transsphenoidal adenomectomy, premenopausal women have a worse long-term remission rate and are more likely…
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Efficacy of potassium iodide better in patients with less-severe hyperthyroidism in Graves’ disease

Uchida T, et al. Endocrine Pract. 2017;doi:10.4158/EP-2017-0044.
Patients with Graves’ disease who were switched from treatment with thionamides to potassium iodide therapy had better outcomes when they had…
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Modifiable factors explain difference in type 2 diabetes incidence between blacks, whites

Bancks MP, et al. JAMA. 2017;doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19546.
The risk for incident type 2 diabetes is higher among black compared with white adults; however, after adjustment for modifiable biological…
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ESRD incidence decreasing in type 1 diabetes

Helve J, et al Diabetes Care. 2017;doi:10.2337/dc17-2364.
The cumulative risk for end-stage renal disease among Finnish adults with type 1 diabetes has decreased markedly in the past 50 years, likely due to…
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Weight change trajectory affects insulin metabolism

Walsh EI, et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2017;doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2017.12.003.
Adults without diabetes at any given BMI are more likely to have poorer insulin metabolism if they had a high or increasing BMI trajectory in the…
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Depression, severe hypoglycemia share bidirectional association in type 1 diabetes

Gilsanz P, et al. Diabetes Care. 2017;doi:10.2337/dc17-1566.
Middle-aged patients with type 1 diabetes diagnosed with depression are at least twice as likely to experience a severe hypoglycemic or hyperglycemic…
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Chinese visceral adiposity index useful marker for cardiometabolic risk in adult GH deficiency

Xie X, et al. Endocr Pract. 2017;doi:10.4158/EP-2017-0007.
The Chinese visceral adiposity index may be used as a biomarker for cardiometabolic risk among adults with growth hormone deficiency, and can also
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Fracture rate similar with DPP-IV inhibitors, sulfonylureas

Gamble JM, et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017;doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2017.12.008.
The risk for incident fractures in adults with type 2 diabetes who recently began antidiabetic medication did not differ between those using DPP-IV…
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