EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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SMBG underestimates glucose excursions in diabetes

Mangrola D, et al. Endocrine Pract. 2017;doi:10.4158/EP-2017-0032.
Although patients with diabetes accurately estimated their average blood glucose using self-monitoring, this method underestimated glucose excursions…
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Subcutaneous exenatide delivery improves glycemic control in high baseline HbA1c

Henry RR, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1519.
The GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide delivered subcutaneously through an osmotic mini-pump significantly improved glycemic control in adults with…
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Housing instability tied to higher diabetes-related ED visits

Berkowitz SA, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi;10.2337/dc17-1812.
Adults with diabetes who reported unstable housing had higher rates of diabetes-related ED visits and hospitalizations compared with those who…
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Diabetes associated with restricted lung function impairment

Sonoda N, et al. Metabolism. 2017;doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2017.12.006.
Middle-aged and older adults with diabetes are 1.6 times more likely to develop restrictive lung function impairment over 5 years vs. those without…
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AACE, ACE announce updated type 2 diabetes algorithm

Garber AJ, et al. Endocr Pract. 2018;doi:10.4158/CS-2017-0153.
The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American College of Endocrinology announced the publication of the 2018 AACE/ACE…
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RYGB, sleeve gastrectomy lead to similar improvements in glucose control

Wallenius V, et al. Obes Surg. 2017;doi:10.1007/s11695-017-3061-3.
Adults with type 2 diabetes who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass experienced greater weight loss compared with those who underwent laparoscopic…
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Depression medication initiation may lower oral antidiabetic drug adherence in diabetes

Xing S, et al. J Diabetes Complications. 2017;doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2017.12.008.
Adults with type 2 diabetes and major depressive disorders who begin using second-generation antipsychotics are more likely to have at least a 10%…
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1-hour glucose value predicts CV morbidity, mortality in healthy men

Nielsen ML, et al. Eur J Endocrinol. 2017;doi:10.1530/EJE-17-0824.
In healthy, middle-aged men, blood glucose measured 60 minutes after an oral glucose tolerance test better predicted cardiovascular morbidity and…
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New device may improve IVF process by selecting healthiest, strongest sperm

Chinnasamy T, et al. Adv Sci. 2017;doi:10.1002/advs.201700531.
A new microfluidic device may help women undergoing in vitro fertilization become pregnant with fewer treatment cycles, according to findings…
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Increased nutritional supplementation in preterm infants does not affect bone health, growth

Christmann V, et al. Bone. 2017;doi:10.1016/j.bone.2017.12.022.
Infants born preterm or small for gestational age who received increased supplemental nutrition during the first week of life achieved a…
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Greater weight loss, HbA1c reduction with very low-carb vs. moderate-carb diet

Saslow LR, et al. Nutr Diabetes. 2017;doi:10.1038/s41387-017-0006-9.
Adults with overweight and type 2 diabetes or prediabetes experienced greater weight loss and a greater reduction in HbA1c when randomly assigned to…
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Gestational diabetes increases risk for later diabetes

Song C, et al. Obes Rev. 2017;doi:10.1111/obr.12645.
The risk for diabetes in women who previously had gestational diabetes is increased, especially 3 to 6 years after gestational diabetes, according to…
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Fracture rate in Turner syndrome comparable to healthy adolescent girls

Soucek O, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-02381.
Girls with Turner syndrome treated with recombinant human growth hormone and estrogen therapy do not have an increased risk for fracture incidence…
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Injectable birth control may raise HIV infection risk by 40%

Hapgood JP, et al. Endocr Rev. 2018;doi:10.1210/er.2017-00103.
The injectable progestin contraceptive depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, or DMPA, may raise the risk for HIV infection by 40% in women, according to…
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Exercise improves disease severity biomarkers in type 1 diabetes

Jewiss D, et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017;doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2017.11.036.
Results from a systematic review and meta-analysis show that patients with type 1 diabetes who exercised experienced improvement in several different…

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