EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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CVD risk tied to estrogen loss in primary ovarian insufficiency

Christ JP, et al. Fertil Steril. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.11.035.
In women with primary ovarian insufficiency, the risk for cardiovascular disease decreased with prolonged exposure to estrogen and increased with…
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Diabetes increases risk for complications after surgery

Yong PH, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-2304.
Adults with diabetes who underwent inpatient surgery had increased risks during the following 6 months for mortality, major complications, ICU…
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Pasta in a low glycemic index diet may not increase body fat

Chiavaroli L, et al. BMJ Open. 2018;doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019438.
Compared with high glycemic index diets, low glycemic index diets that included pasta were associated with reduced body weight and BMI; however, no…
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Fracture liaison service increases BMD testing, osteoporosis treatment

Wu CH, et al. Bone. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.bone.2018.03.018.
Adults with osteoporosis who received care from a fracture liaison service program were more likely to undergo bone mineral density testing and…
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Obese, overweight women at increased risk for cervical cancer

Clarke MA, et al. J Clin Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1200/JCO.2017.75.3442.
Women with overweight and obesity had a higher risk for cervical cancer, but lower rates of cervical precancer, according to a retrospective analysis…
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Tight blood pressure control may increase risk for CVD, mortality in type 2 diabetes

Wan EYF, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-2443.
Adults with type 2 diabetes and hypertension who achieved a target systolic blood pressure of less than 130 mm Hg did not experience a reduction in…
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CGM may reduce perceived diabetes distress in adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Vesco AT, et al. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2018;doi:10.1177/1932296818766381.
In adolescents with type 1 diabetes, use of a continuous glucose monitor, alone or in conjunction with insulin pump therapy, was associated with…
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Combination luseogliflozin, insulin therapy well-tolerated in Japanese adults with type 2 diabetes

Seino Y, et al. Curr Med Res Opin. 2018;doi:10.1080/03007995.2018.1441816.
Japanese adults with type 2 diabetes on insulin monotherapy who were assigned the oral SGLT2 inhibitor luseogliflozin experienced a reduction in…
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Fortified yogurt improves body composition, metabolic parameters

Mohammadi-Sartang M, et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2018.03.001.
Adults with overweight or obesity and metabolic syndrome who consumed yogurt fortified with whey protein, calcium and vitamin D experienced increases…
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Childhood, young adult onset type 1 diabetes increases mortality risk

Conway BN, et al. Diabet Med. 2018;doi;10.1111/dme.13617.
The risks for all-cause mortality and mortality from cardiovascular causes, sepsis, renal failure, respiratory disorders and cancer are significantly…
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Lifting depressive symptoms promotes diabetes self-management in Hispanics

Oh H, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-2000.
U.S. Hispanic adults with diabetes and comorbid depression who participated in a promotora-led or patient-centered medical home intervention…
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Metabolic syndrome, diabetes, obesity prevalence highest in Midwest

Gurka MJ, et al. Nutr Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1038/s41387-018-0024-2.
The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes among U.S. adults is highest in the Midwest, whereas a high prevalence of…
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Estimated cost of diabetes tops $327B in 2017

American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dci18-0007.
The economic burden of diabetes grew by 25% between 2012 and 2017, rising from $261 billion to $327 billion after adjustment for inflation, according…
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ACTH in adrenal vein sampling reduces apparent bilateral aldosterone suppression

Shibayama Y, et al. J Endocr Soc. 2018;doi:10.1210/js.2017-00481.
Among patients with primary aldosteronism undergoing adrenal vein sampling, the administration of adrenocorticotropic hormone, or ACTH, before the…
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Menopausal HT may prevent age-associated fat mass increase

Papadakis GE, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-02449.
Postmenopausal women currently using hormone therapy had less visceral adipose tissue compared with those who never used HT, and this use prevented…
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