EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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Small risk for suicide, nonfatal self-harm follows bariatric surgery

Neovius M, et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1016/s2213-8587(17)30437-0.
Patients with obesity who undergo bariatric surgery have a small but significantly increased risk for attempting or committing suicide in the years…
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Despite increased intervention, pregnancy complications persist in women with diabetes

Mackin ST, et al. Diabetologia. 2018;doi:10.1007/s00125-017-4529-3.
Pregnant women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are more likely to experience complications at delivery vs. women without diabetes, including markedly…
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Speech recognition for insulin bolus calculator improves postprandial glycemia

Foltynski P, et al. J Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/1753-0407.12641.
Patients with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy who used an automatic bolus calculator designed to recognize voice descriptions of meals were…
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Metformin improves menstrual cycles in PCOS

Yang PK, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-01739.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome treated with metformin for 24 months experienced more regular menstrual cycles and improvements in most profiles…
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Iodine deficiency may lead to pregnancy delays

Mills JL, et al. Hum Reprod. 2018;doi:10.1093/humrep/dex379.
Women attempting pregnancy may experience difficulty or delays in conceiving when they have moderate or severe iodine deficiency, according to…
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Diabetes-related social functioning worse in middle-, low-income countries

Loerbroks A, et al. Diabet Med. 2018;doi:10.1111/dme.13578.
Adults with diabetes living in middle- and low-income countries experience impaired social functioning to a greater degree than those living in…
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Social jet lag, sleep disturbances increase overweight risk in children

Stoner L, et al. Child Obes. 2018;doi:10.1089/chi.2017.0272.
Children who go to bed and wake up an average of 1 hour later on weekends vs. weekdays are more likely to have a higher body fat percentage, fat mass…
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Home-based exercise program improves quality of life after thyroidectomy

Kim KH, et al. Thyroid. 2017;doi:10.1089/thy.2017.0277.
Adults using thyroid hormone therapy after thyroidectomy reported reduced fatigue and anxiety, improved quality of life and increased immune function…
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Greater life satisfaction tied to lower type 2 diabetes risk in men

Piciu AM, et al. Diabet Med. 2017;doi:10.1111/dme.13574.
Men who report greater rather than less satisfaction with life are less likely to have type 2 diabetes, but the relationship does not hold for women…
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Sex hormone-binding globulin associated with androgen deficiency

Rastrelli G, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2017;doi:10.1111/cen.13530.
Higher levels of sex hormone-binding globulin were associated with androgen deficiency in men, independent of total testosterone level, researchers…
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TECOS: Severe hypoglycemic events tied to increased risk for CV events

Standl E, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1778.
Adults with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease who experience a severe hypoglycemic episode are at increased risk for a nonfatal CV event or…
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Levothyroxine improves ovarian function in infertility, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Kuroda M, et al. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2018;doi:10.1111/jog.13554.
Women with infertility and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis who received levothyroxine supplementation for 3 months experienced an increase in…
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Ovarian marker abnormalities common in type 1 diabetes

Kim C, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13546.
Women with type 1 diabetes may have abnormalities in ovarian markers, specifically anti-Müllerian hormone, as well as irregular menses, which may…
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European guideline addresses treatment of aggressive pituitary tumors, carcinomas

Raverot G, et al. Eur J Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1530/EJE-17-0796.
Patients with aggressive pituitary tumors and carcinomas should be treated by a multidisciplinary team and receive full endocrine laboratory…
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Calcium, vitamin D supplementation do not increase CV risks

Harvey NC, et al. J Bone Miner Res. 2018;doi:10.1002/jbmr.3375.
Adults who used calcium or vitamin D supplements, or a combination of both, had no increased risk for hospitalization for ischemic heart disease…

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