EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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Sitagliptin monotherapy safe in older adults with type 2 diabetes

Fukuda M, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12915.
Among older adults with type 2 diabetes, sitagliptin monotherapy does not increase the prevalence of hypoglycemia, but hypoglycemia may increase when…
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Diabetes diagnoses more prevalent among confirmed smokers

Kim JH, et al. J Diabetes. 2018;doi: 10.1111/1753-0407.12837.
Confirmed smoking, especially in larger quantities and for longer durations, is associated with increased risk for diabetes, according to findings…
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Saliva samples may identify diabetes complications, aid management

Pappa E, et al. Front Physiol. 2018;doi:10.3389/fphys.2018.00444.
Testing saliva may prove to be a functional tool for assessing asymptomatic patients with diabetes by predicting complications and, thus, helping to…
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Poor understanding of diabetes medications may worsen glycemic profile in type 2 diabetes

Sakai R, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018; doi:10.1111/jdi.12916.
In patients with type 2 diabetes, a lack of knowledge regarding diabetes drugs is associated with higher HbA1c level and worse blood glucose profile…
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Changes in meal timings may reduce body fat

Antoni R, et al. J Nutri Sci. 2018;doi:10.1017/jns.2018.13.
Practicing time-restricted feeding that pushes breakfast later and dinner earlier, a type of intermittent fasting, may help people lose body fat…
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Prolonged, high HbA1c may increase dementia risk in type 1 diabetes

Lacy ME, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc18-0073.
Older adults with type 1 diabetes with prolonged exposure to HbA1c at least 8% are at least twice as likely to develop dementia over 6 years vs…
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Switching DPP-IV inhibitor in type 2 diabetes may reduce albuminuria

Kitada M, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12917.
Adults with type 2 diabetes who switched from other DPP-IV inhibitors to teneligliptin for 24 weeks had decreased plasma DPP-IV activity, which was…
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Overall availability, affordability of essential diabetes medicines poor worldwide

Chow CK, et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30233-x.
Ferrario A. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30258-4.
Insulin was available to those with diabetes who need it in only half of surveyed pharmacies worldwide, whereas the availability of metformin and…
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Radiomic analysis more accurately predicts malignant thyroid nodules vs. visual interpretation

Liang J, et al. Thyroid. 2018;doi:10.1089/thy.2017.0525.
Ultrasound radiomic analysis may better predict malignant thyroid lesions than visual interpretations of thyroid nodules by junior radiologists using…
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Race predicts risks for cesarean delivery, ED use in gestational diabetes

Singh H, et al. Diabetes Educ. 2018;doi:10.1177/0145721718795589.
Hispanic women with gestational diabetes are nearly three times more likely to deliver by cesarean section vs. Asian women with gestational diabetes…
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Exercise may prolong early partial remission of type 1 diabetes

Chetan MR, et al. Diabet Med. 2018;doi:10.1111/dme.13802.
Among men with new-onset type 1 diabetes, exercise can play a role in extending the “honeymoon” period of partial remission after…
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Analysis: Marked, bimodal distribution of testosterone between genetic males, females

Clark RV, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13840.
Normal testosterone ranges for adult women and men differ markedly with a bimodal distribution, with the lower limit of the male range approximately…
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No increased CVD risk observed in PCOS

Jacewicz-Swiecka M, et al. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2018;doi:10.1002/dmrr.3054.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are at higher
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New edition of thyroid cancer staging system shows better prediction of survival

van Velsen EFS, et al. Thyroid. 2018;doi:10.1089/thy.2018.0066.
The eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/tumor node metastasis staging system for differentiated thyroid cancer was a better…
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High aldosterone level may raise type 2 diabetes risk

Joseph JJ, et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;doi:10.1161/JAHA.118.009890.
Adults with higher aldosterone levels are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes over 10 years vs. those with lower levels, with the risk further…
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