EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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Culturally tailored intervention improves HbA1c in immigrants

Islam NS, et al. Clin Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.2337/cd17-0068.
HbA1c improvements were greater in immigrant adults with type 2 diabetes after assignment to a culturally tailored community health worker…
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Latinos with diabetes need more fiber, less sodium in diet

Casagrande SS, et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2018;doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2017-000486.
Latinos with diagnosed diabetes who completed two 24-hour dietary recalls had an average fiber intake well below U.S. dietary guideline…
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Preserved beta-cell function present in adult-onset autoimmune diabetes

Zaharia OP, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-01706.
Patients with recently diagnosed adult-onset autoimmune diabetes demonstrated chronic hyperglycemia and partly preserved beta-cell function, both of…
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Once-daily hydrocortisone therapy improves metabolic profile in adrenal insufficiency

Guarnotta V, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13554.
Patients with primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency who received once-daily, dual-release hydrocortisone therapy for 3 years experienced…
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Obesity associated with increased mortality in type 2 diabetes

Edqvist J, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1309.
Adults with type 2 diabetes and BMI 40 kg/m2 or greater faced a significantly increased mortality risk compared with less-severe overweight or with…
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Video intervention increases non-bisphosphonate use in select postmenopausal women

Danila MI, et al. J Bone Miner Res. 2018;doi:10.1002/jbmr.3395.
Older white women with a history of fracture who viewed tailored videos on the importance of osteoporosis treatment were more likely to report…
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Elevated fasting irisin levels observed in adolescents with PCOS

Bacopoulou F, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13555.
Lean, sedentary adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome have higher levels of fasting serum irisin vs. adolescents without PCOS, even after…
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Bone quality poor following parathyroidectomy in patients with obesity

Tay YD, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2017-02169.
Adults with obesity and primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent parathyroidectomy experienced improvements in bone mineral density but had…
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Radioactive iodine for well-differentiated thyroid cancer increases risk for acute, chronic myeloid leukemias

Molenaar RJ, et al. J Clin Oncol. 2017;doi:10.1200/JCO.2017.75.0232.
Patients treated with radioactive iodine for well-differentiated thyroid cancer demonstrated an increased risk for developing acute myeloid leukemia…
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ADHD risk increases with parental type 1 diabetes diagnosis

Ji J, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-0592.
Offspring of a parent with diagnosed type 1 diabetes, particularly a mother with the disease, have an increased risk for ADHD compared with the other…
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Daily food tracking less frequent on weekends, over time

Pellegrini CA, et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2016.12.004.
Adults with obesity participating in a weight-loss intervention were less likely to record their food intake on weekends compared with during the…
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Peak bone mass, not rate of bone loss, predicts incident fragility fracture in postmenopausal women

Burt LA, et al. J Bone Miner Res. 2018;doi:10.1002/jbmr.3347.
In white, postmenopausal women, peak bone mass, and not rate of change in bone quality, is associated with incident fragility fractures, according to…
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Infectious diseases increase mortality risk in diabetes

Zoppini G, et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2017.12.007.
Adults with diabetes are more likely to die of infectious diseases, such as sepsis or pneumonia, than patients without diabetes, even after…
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Behavioral intervention improves diet quality in type 1 diabetes

Eisenberg Colman MH, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-0090.
Adolescents with type 1 diabetes assigned to a behavioral intervention had improvements in diet quality without increasing disordered eating…
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Poor glucose control increases risk for cognitive decline

Zheng F, et al. Diabetologia. 2018;doi:10.1007/s00125-017-4541-7.
Rising HbA1c levels are linearly associated with a subsequent cognitive decline in memory and executive function, regardless of diabetes status…

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