EXPERT SUMMARIES of the top 30 journals in endocrinology
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Maternal caffeine intake associated with excess infant growth, overweight

Papadopoulou E et al. BMJ Open. 2018; doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018895.
Women who consume at least 200 mg of caffeine per day during pregnancy are more likely to have offspring with excess growth in infancy and overweight…
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Hormonal contraception use may lead to overestimation of vitamin D concentration

Pilz S, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-00336.
Healthy women using hormonal contraception were more likely to have higher levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D vs. women not using hormonal…
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Quality of life equally impaired in hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism

Underbjerg L, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13593.
Patients with nonsurgical hypoparathyroidism and pseudohypoparathyroidism report experiencing an equally impaired health-related quality of life…
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Type 1 diabetes prevalence linked to ‘food swamps’

Lee DC, et al. J Endocr Soc. 2018;doi:10.1210/js.2018-00001.
A high proportion of neighborhood fast food restaurants was associated with a higher prevalence of type 1 diabetes in adults and children in New York…
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HbA1c, wound healing unrelated in diabetic foot ulcers

Fesseha BK, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1683.
Among patients with long-term diabetic foot ulcers, neither baseline HbA1c nor change in HbA1c was associated with wound healing time, according to…
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Estrogen after oophorectomy does not increase breast cancer risk

Kotsopoulos J, et al. JAMA Oncol. 2018;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.0211.
The use of estrogen following preventive oophorectomy did not appear to increase the risk for breast cancer among women carrying a BRCA1 mutation…
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In adrenal emergencies, high variability in management persists

Burger-Stritt S, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2018;doi:10.1111/cen.13608.
Adults with adrenal insufficiency who experience adrenal emergencies have widely varying wait times for lifesaving glucocorticoid administration…
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Lower mortality with SGLT2 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists than DPP-IV inhibitors in diabetes

Zheng SL, et al. JAMA. 2018;doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3024.
Among patients with type 2 diabetes, the use of SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists is associated with lower risk for all-cause mortality…
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Tailored letter promotes weight management in women with gestational diabetes

Hedderson MM, et al. Diabetes Care. 2018;doi:10.2337/dc17-1133.
Women with gestational diabetes who received a personalized letter were more likely to meet recommendations for weight gain during pregnancy than…
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Antepartum 1-hour glucose value predicts future insulin use

Nishikawa T, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12848.
In pregnant women, 1-hour plasma glucose value after an oral glucose tolerance test predicts future insulin therapy initiation and a postpartum…
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Diabetes risk higher, mortality risk lower among Asian vs. white adults

Lee JR, et al. J Diabetes Complications. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.04.001.
Asian adults in the U.S. are at least 20% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes over the course of a decade than their white counterparts, yet they…
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Frequency of menopausal symptoms associated with vascular dysfunction

Hildreth KL, et al. Menopause. 2018;doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000001112.
Increased frequency and severity of menopausal symptoms are associated with vascular dysfunction and lower quality of life during menopausal…
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Weekly classes improve outcomes of vegan, portion-controlled diets in diabetes management

Barnard ND, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018;doi:10.1016/j.jand.2017.11.017.
Adults with type 2 diabetes assigned to low-fat vegan or portion-controlled diets, combined with weekly nutrition classes, experienced weight loss…
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Nasal glucagon safe, effective in treating hypoglycemic events in children at home, school

Deeb LC, et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/pedi.12668.
Children with type 1 diabetes who experienced a moderate hypoglycemic event returned to euglycemic status within 30 minutes of receiving nasal…
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Childhood obesity project identifies successful strategies in 4 US communities

Kauh TJ, et al. Child Obes. 2018;doi:10.1089/chi.2018.0018.
Researchers from a collaborative team studying successful antiobesity strategies identified four U.S. communities implementing programs and policies…
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