Endocrine Today has compiled a list of the top 10 recent news reports about endocrine-related diet and nutrition.
Healio.com/Endocrinology readers were interested in ketogenic diets, diets that improve insulin outcomes, dietary supplements, and more.
Alternate-day fasting cuts insulin levels, resistance in half
Alternate-day fasting lowered levels of fasting insulin and insulin resistance to a greater degree than calorie restriction among adults with overweight or obesity and insulin resistance.
Ketogenic, low-carb diets require diabetes medication adjustments
Health care providers must consider revising medication regimens when a person with diabetes adopts a ketogenic or other low-carbohydrate eating plan that can affect glucose levels and blood pressure.
Guidance needed for dietary supplement use in diabetes
Health care providers should be aware of these popular supplements and their possible effects on diabetes.
Replace diet discussions with focus on mindful eating
Balanced eating and consistent intake of carbohydrates is a challenging message to communicate to clients during a brief office visit. Even with time, a complete diet overhaul just does not work. Shifting the conversation away from restrictive diets toward mindful eating helps move the relationship with food from adversarial to nourishing.
Ultra-processed foods lead to overeating, weight gain
Adults without obesity who ate a diet of ultra-processed foods for 2 weeks consumed on average 500 kcal more per day and gained an average 0.9 kg vs. when they ate a diet of unprocessed foods for 2 weeks.
Consuming saturated fatty acids promotes liver fat accumulation
Adults with overweight or obesity assigned to an 8-week diet that included muffins made with palm oil experienced an increase in liver fat and circulating ceramides that was not observed in similar adults who ate muffins with sunflower oil during the same period.
Vitamin D supplementation increases insulin sensitivity, beta-cell function
Taking 5,000 IU of vitamin D per day may improve insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function for those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.
Plant-based diet improves beta-cell function, insulin sensitivity in obesity
Adults with overweight or obesity assigned to a vegan diet for 16 weeks experienced improvements in beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity vs. similar adults assigned to a control diet.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids confer no benefit for diabetes protection Risk for developing type 2 diabetes is not modified by consuming more omega-3, omega-6 and/or total polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Breastfeeding, sugar-sweetened beverages influence obesity risk in children exposed to gestational diabetes
A cohort of mostly Hispanic children exposed to gestational diabetes in utero who were exclusively breastfed were 44% less likely to develop obesity when compared with similar children who were not exclusively breastfed, but only intake of sugar-sweetened beverages was low.