32. Which of the following is an indication for aortic valvuloplasty?

A. A 78 year old female with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis that is refusing surgical aortic valve replacement.

B. A 83 year old male with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis needing non-cardiac urgent surgery

C. Congenital aortic valve stenosis

D. Both A and C are indications

E. Both B and C are indications

F. All of the above
 

 

PROCEED TO ANSWER