All ECG 111
- Normal sinus rhythm
- Incomplete right bundle branch block
- Brugada syndrome
Brugada syndrome is a genetic disorder that results in sudden cardiac death from polymorphic ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation in the setting of a structurally normal heart. This is most commonly from a mutation in the sodium channel gene SCN5A. Unlike other genetic syndromes that results in sudden cardiac death, the QT interval is normal in Brugada syndrome.
There are three types of ECG findings in Brugada syndrome patient. This ECG shows an example of Type II Brugada ECG changes.
Type I: Lead V1 has a “coved” ST segment elevation of at least 2 mm followed by a negative T wave
Type II: There is a “saddleback” appearance of the ST segment in lead V1 with ST elevation of at least 2 mm. This can be present in normal individuals as well.
Type III: Features of type I (coved) or type II (saddleback) with < 2 mm of ST segment elevation
These ECG changes can be provoked in the electrophysiology lab by infusing ajmaline or procainamide.
Related Topic Reviews: Premature Ventricular Contractions