Sinus bradycardia occurs on an ECG when there is a normal upright P wave in lead II ― sinus P wave ― preceding every QRS complex with a ventricular rate of less than 60 beats per minute.
Identifying an acute myocardial infarction on the 12-lead ECG is the most important thing you can learn in ECG interpretation.
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The Carey Coombs Murmur occurs during acute rheumatic fever. Mitral valvulitis can occur causing thickening of the leaflets.
The mitral valve, so named because of its similarity to a bishop’s miter, has five important structural elements: 1) the mitral annulus, 2) the mitral valve leaflets, 3) the commissures, 4) chordae tendineae and 5) papillary muscles.