About the Editor
About the Associate Editors
Foreword by Jennifer I. Lim, MD, FARVO
Question 1 What Is Hemorrhagic Occlusive Retinal Vasculitis, and Why Do I Need to
Know About It?
James A. Stefater, MD, PhD and Dean Eliott, MD
Question 2 How Do I Counsel My Patients With Dry Age-Related Macular
Degeneration and What About Various Vitamin Supplements?
T. Y. Alvin Liu, MD and Catherine B. Meyerle, MD
Question 3 What Are the Age-Related Macular Degeneration Look-Alikes? Do I Treat
Them Any Differently?
Kaivon Pakzad-Vaezi, MD and Kathryn L. Pepple, MD, PhD
Question 4 How Long Are We Going to Have to Keep Doing Frequent Intravitreal
Injections—Any Other Options Anytime Soon? What Are We
Margaret A. Greven, MD and Diana V. Do, MD
Question 5 Anything Coming Down the Pike yet for Dry Age-Related Macular
Jose Mauricio Botto Garcia, MD, MSc and Philip J. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD
Question 6 Are We Ever Going to Use Stem Cells? For What? What’s the Scoop?
Steven D. Schwartz, MD
Question 7 What Is the Easiest Way to Do a Good B-Scan?
Cathy DiBernardo, CDOS
Question 8 When Do I Refer a Patient With a Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion or
Central Retinal Artery Occlusion, What Is the Work-Up, and What Are
the Treatment Options?
Todd R. Klesert, MD, PhD
Question 9 What Do I Do When I See a Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion?
Andrew M. Hendrick, MD and Michael S. Ip, MD
Question 10 When Do I Refer a Patient With a Central Retinal Vein Occlusion, What
Is the Work-Up, and What Are the Treatment Options?
Richard F. Spaide, MD
Question 11 What Visualization Agents Are Used During Vitrectomy Surgery? And
Wait, Tell Me About the Intraocular Tamponade Options!
Sean M. Platt, MD and Sophie J. Bakri, MD
Question 12 What Type of Intraocular Lens Should Be Considered in an Eye With
Marina Gilca, MD and Kourous A. Rezaei, MD
Question 13 I Just Can’t Keep Up With All of the Clinical Trial Acronyms. Can You Tell
Me What Study Each Refers To?
A. Yasin Alibhai, MD and Nadia K. Waheed, MD, MPH
Question 14 How Do I Figure Out Whether or Not My Patient Has a Posterior Vitreous
Detachment? Does There Have to Be a Weiss Ring to Make
Stephen G. Schwartz, MD, MBA; Harry W. Flynn, Jr., MD; and
Ingrid U. Scott, MD, MPH
Question 15 How Soon Should a Patient With Floaters Be Examined and How Should I
Manage a Patient With an Acute Posterior Vitreous Detachment?
Karen M. Gehrs, MD
Question 16 How Do I Differentiate All of Those White Dot Syndromes?
Arthi Venkat, MD and Sunil K. Srivastava, MD
Question 17 How Do I Work Up and Manage a Patient With a White-Centered
Seema Garg, MD, PhD
Question 18 How Do I Manage a Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage?
Odette Margit Houghton, MD and Nicholas Farber, MD
Question 19 When Should I Suspect Endophthalmitis in My Postoperative Cataract
Patient and What Are the Treatment Options?
Bernard H. Doft, MD
Question 20 How Do I Follow a Patient With a Presumed Choroidal Nevus?
Matthew A. Powers, MD, MBA and Prithvi Mruthyunjaya, MD, MHS
Question 21 How Do I Distinguish One Pigmented Lesion From Another?
Amy C. Schefler, MD and Ryan S. Kim, BA
Question 22 How Do I Work Up and Manage a Patient With a Vitreous
Pauline T. Merrill, MD and Marina Gilca, MD
Question 23 What Is Fundus Autofluorescence? Do I Need to Add It to My Imaging
Amani A. Fawzi, MD and Philipp Roberts, MD, PhD
Question 24 What Additional Information Can I Get From Ultra-Widefield Fluorescein
Angiography That I Can’t Get From a 30-Degree Angiogram?
Jeremy A. Lavine, MD, PhD and Justis P. Ehlers, MD
Question 25 What Imaging Options Are There to Detect an Intraocular Foreign Body?
When Do I Get Which One?
Daniel G. Cherfan, MD and Sumit Sharma, MD
Question 26 Why Would I Want to Look at Choroidal Thickness on Optical Coherence
Glenn Yiu, MD, PhD
Question 27 When Should I Refer a Patient With an Epiretinal Membrane and What
if There Is Associated Cystoid Macular Edema?
Gaurav K. Shah, MD and Daniel Connors, MD
Question 28 How Do I Differentiate a Macular Hole From a Lamellar Hole From an
Epiretinal Membrane With a Pseudohole, and Why Do I Care?
SriniVas R. Sadda, MD
Question 29 What Is Micropulse Laser and What Can It Be Used For?
Scott D. Walter, MD, MSc
Question 30 What Is The Treatment Paradigm for Postoperative Pseudophakic
Felipe F. Conti, MD; Fabiana Q. Silva, MD; and Rishi P. Singh, MD
Question 31 What Is Dyeless Angiography (Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography)
And What Do I Need To Know About It? Will It Replace Fluorescein
Thomas Hwang, MD and Yali Jia, PhD
Question 32 Central Serous? What Now? Management Options for
Central Serous Retinopathy
Lisa C. Olmos de Koo, MD, MBA
Question 33 What Systemic Medications Require Periodic Fundus Evaluation? What
Am I Looking for and What Tests Do I Do?
Michael T. Andreoli, MD and William F. Mieler, MD
Question 34 Should I Send a Patient With a Large Chronic Macular Hole to a Retina
Doctor? Do They Even Operate on Those?
Avni P. Finn, MD, MBA and Tamer H. Mahmoud, MD, PhD
Question 35 Explain All of These New Anticoagulants to Me. Should I Consider
Stopping Them Preoperatively?
Elizabeth Verner-Cole, MD and Phoebe Lin, MD, PhD
Question 36 When Should Cataract Surgery Be Performed if a Vitrectomy Is
Planned—Before, During, or After?
Michael I. Seider, MD and Amar Patel, MD
Question 37 What Should I Tell a Patient With Retinitis Pigmentosa About Prognosis
and Should I Prescribe Vitamin A or Other Supplements?
Jackson Abou Chehade, MD and Raymond Iezzi, MD, MS
Question 38 Why Should I Send My Retinal Degeneration Patients to Specialists if
There Is No Cure for Their Condition?
Alessandro Iannaccone, MD, MS, FARVO
Question 39 What Is the Artificial Retinal Prosthesis (Argus II Implant) and Who
Would Be a Good Candidate for It?
Paul Hahn, MD, PhD
Question 40 How Do You Differentiate Between Retinoschisis and
Scott Ketner, MD and Ron A. Adelman, MD, MPH, MBA, FARVO
Question 41 What Systemic Conditions Are Associated With an Increased Risk of
Retinal Detachment? What Should I Do About It?
Joseph N. Martel, MD and Mallika Doss, MD
Question 42 What Retinal Findings Should Be Treated Before Cataract Surgery,
Refractive Surgery, or Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser?
Franco M. Recchia, MD
Question 43 Do Chronic Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachments Need
Charles C. Wykoff, MD, PhD; Harry W. Flynn, Jr., MD; and
Nidhi Relhan Batra, MD
Question 44 Should I Use Jetrea or a Gas Bubble or Just Do a Vitrectomy for
Michael N. Cohen, MD and Caroline R. Baumal, MD
Question 45 When Should a Patient With Diabetic Retinopathy Be Considered
for a Vitrectomy?
Ronald C. Gentile, MD, FACS, FASRS and Alexander Barash, MD
Question 46 How Do I Follow a Patient Who Has Diabetes and Becomes Pregnant?
What Tests Can I Do?
Judy E. Kim, MD and Alessa Crossan, MD
Question 47 How Long Should I Wait to Perform Cataract Surgery After Treatment of
Diabetic Macular Edema or Retinopathy?
Linda A. Lam, MD, MBA
Question 48 I Saw Some Retinal Neovascularization but My Patient Does Not Have
Diabetes, so What Else Can It Be?
Brian E. Goldhagen, MD
Question 49 When Should I Consider Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity?
Yoshihiro Yonekawa, MD and Kimberly A. Drenser, MD, PhD