Occupational Therapy Assessments for Older Adults: 100 Instruments for Measuring Occupational Performance

Kevin Bortnick, OTD OT/L

Occupational Therapy Assessments for Older Adults: 100 Instruments for Measuring Occupational Performance
  • $74.95
  • ISBN 10 1-63091-358-8
  • ISBN 13 978-1-63091-358-8
  • 344 pp Soft Cover
  • Pub. Date: 2017
  • Order# 33588

The role of measurement and the benefits of outcome measures are defined as important tools used to document change in one or more constructs over time, help to describe a client’s condition, formulate a prognosis, as well as to evaluate the effects of occupational therapy intervention.

Occupational Therapy Assessments for Older Adults: 100 Instruments for Measuring Occupational Performance presents over 100 outcome measures in the form of vignettes that encompass a brief description of each instrument, a review of its psychometric properties, its advantages and disadvantages, administration procedures, permissions to use, author contact information, as well as where and how to procure the instrument.

Occupational Therapy Assessments for Older Adults by Dr. Kevin Bortnick narrows down the list of possible choices for the occupational therapy student or clinician to only those with an amount of peer review, bibliographic citations, as well as acceptance within the profession. The text also includes research-based information with text citations and has over 100 tables, diagrams, and figures.

Included in the review of each outcome measure:

  • Description: A brief record of the measure.
  • Psychometrics: A review of the level of research evidence that either supports or does not support the instrument, including such items as inter-rater, intra-rater, and test-retest reliabilities, as well as internal consistencies and construct validities among others.
  • Advantages: Synopsis of the benefits of using the measure over others including its unique attributes.
  • Disadvantages: A summary of its faults. For example, the amount of research evidence may be limited or the measure may be expensive.
  • Administration: Information regarding how to administer, score, and interpret results.
  • Permissions: How and where to procure the instrument, such as websites where it may be purchased or journal articles or publications that may contain the scale.
  • Summary: A brief summation of important information.

Occupational Therapy Assessments for Older Adults: 100 Instruments for Measuring Occupational Performance encourages occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistants to expand their thinking about the use of appropriate outcome measures with older adult populations. Using the appropriate outcome measure based on evidence can aid in the promotion of health, well-being, and participation of clients.

About the Author
Section 1 Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living
Chapter 1: Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Profile
Chapter 2: Activities of Daily Living Questionnaire (ADLQ)
Chapter 3: Australian Therapy Outcome Measures (AusTOMs)—Third Edition
Chapter 4: The Frenchay Activities Index (FAI)
Chapter 5: Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Profile
Chapter 6: Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale
Chapter 7: Melbourne Low-Vision Activities of Daily Living Index (MLVAI)
Chapter 8: Performance Assessment of Self-Care Skills (PASS)
Chapter 9: Self-Assessment Parkinson's Disease Disability Scale (SPDDS)
Chapter 10: Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS)
Section II Basic Activities of Daily Living (B-ADLs)
Chapter 11: The Barthel Index (BI)
Chapter 12: Functional Independence Measure (FIM)
Chapter 13: Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living
Chapter 14: Modified Barthel Index (MBI)
Section III Balance and Mobility
Chapter 15: Berg Balance Scale (BBS)
Chapter 16: Brunel Balance Assessment (BBA)
Chapter 17: Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB&M)
Chapter 18: Dynamic Gait Index (DGI)
Chapter 19: Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI)
Chapter 20: Timed Up and Go Test (TUG)
Chapter 21: Tinetti Falls Efficacy Scale (FES)
Section IV Caregiver Level of Burden
Chapter 22: Caregiver Strain Index (CSI) and Modified Caregiver Strain Index (mCSI)
Chapter 23: Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI)
Section V Cognitive Impairment
Chapter 24: Allen Cognitive Level Screen (ACLS)
Chapter 25: Functional Assessment Staging Scale (FAST)
Chapter 26: Mini-Cog Exam/Clock Drawing Test (CDT)
Chapter 27: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)
Chapter 28: Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)
Chapter 29: Short Orientation-Memory-Concentration Test or Short Blessed Test (SBT)
Section VI Levels of Consciousness
Chapter 30: Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)
Chapter 31: JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R)
Chapter 32: Neurological Outcome Scale for Traumatic Brain Injury (NOS-TBI)
Chapter 33: Rancho Los Amigos Levels of Cognitive Functioning Scale (RLAS)—
Third Edition
Chapter 34: Wessex Head Injury Matrix (WHIM)
Chapter 35: Western Neuro Sensory Stimulation Profile (WNSSP)
Section VII Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) and Parkinson's Disease Specific Assessment
Chapter 36: Hoehn and Yahr Staging Scale of Parkinson's Disease (HY Scale)
Chapter 37: Modified Rankin Scale (MRS)
Chapter 38: Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale
Chapter 39: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)
Chapter 40: Orpington Prognostic Scale (OPS)
Chapter 41: Stroke Impact Scale (SIS)
Section VIII Dexterity Assessment
Chapter 42: Box and Block Test (BBT)
Chapter 43: Functional Dexterity Test (FDT)
Chapter 44: Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT)
Chapter 45: Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test (MMDT) and Minnesota Rate of
Manipulation Test (MRMT)
Chapter 46: Nine Hole Peg Test (NHPT)
Chapter 47: O'Connor Finger and Tweezer Dexterity Tests
Chapter 48: Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT)
Section IX Driving Assessment
Chapter 49: Adelaide Driving Self-Efficacy Scale (ADSES)
Chapter 50: Fitness to Drive Screening Measure (FTDS)
Chapter 51: Performance Analysis of Driving Ability (P-Drive)
Section X Executive Function
Chapter 52: Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function—Adult Version
Chapter 53: Executive Function Performance Test (EFPT)
Chapter 54: Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA) I
and II
Chapter 55: Perceive, Recall, Plan, and Perform System of Task Analysis (PRPP)
Chapter 56: Trail Making Test (TMT)

Section XI Feeding and Nutritional Status
Chapter 57: Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation Questionnaire (EdFED-Q)
Chapter 58: McGill Ingestive Skills Assessment (MISA)
Chapter 59: Mini Nutritional Assessment—Short Form (MNA-SF)
Chapter 60: Minimal-Eating Observation Form—Version II (MEOF-II)
Section XII Memory Assessment
Chapter 61: Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (RBMT)
Chapter 62: Wechsler Memory Scale—Fourth Edition (WMS-IV)
Section XIII Mental Health Assessment
Chapter 63: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
Chapter 64: Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)
Chapter 65: Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD)
Chapter 66: General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)
Chapter 67: Geriatric Depression Scale—Short Form (sfGDS)
Section XIV Motor Function—Global
Chapter 68: Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS)
Chapter 69: Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment (CMSA)
Chapter 70: Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (FMA)
Chapter 71: Motor Assessment Scale (MAS)
Section XV Motor Function—Upper Extremity Limb
Chapter 72: Action Research Arm Test (ARAT)
Chapter 73: Arm Motor Ability Test (AMAT-9)
Chapter 74: DASH (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) Outcome Measure
Chapter 75: Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ)
Chapter 76: Motor Activity Log (MAL)
Chapter 77: QuickDASH (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) Outcome
Chapter 78: Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT)
Section XVI Muscle Tone and Spasticity
Chapter 79: Modified Ashworth Scale
Chapter 80: Tardieu Scale of Spasticity
Section XVII Occupational Performance
Chapter 81: Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H)
Chapter 82: Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)
Chapter 83: Functional Behavior Profile (FBP)
Chapter 84: In-Home Occupational Performance Evaluation (I-HOPE)
Chapter 85: Independent Living Scales (ILS)
Chapter 86: Kitchen Task Assessment (KTA)
Chapter 87: Kohlman Evaluation of Living Skills (KELS)—Fourth Edition
Chapter 88: Measure of the Quality of the Environment (MQE)
Chapter 89: Model of Human Occupation Screening Tool 2.0 (MOHOST)
Section XVIII Pain Assessment
Chapter 90: McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ)
Chapter 91: Mini Suffering State Exam (MSSE)
Chapter 92: Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors With Limited Ability to Communicate
Section XIX Quality of Life (QoL)
Chapter 93: DEMQOL and DEMQOL-Proxy
Chapter 94: EQ-5D and EQ-VAS
Chapter 95: Stroke Specific Quality of Life Scale (SS-QOL)
Chapter 96: World Health Organization Quality of Life—Abbreviated Version
Section XX Vision and Visual Perceptual Measures
Chapter 97: Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration—Sixth Edition
(Beery VMI-6)
Chapter 98: Developmental Test of Visual Perception—Adolescent and Adult
Chapter 99: Motor-Free Visual Perception Test—Third and Fourth Editions (MVPT-3
and 4)
Chapter 100: National Eye Institute 25-Item Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25)
Chapter 101: Occupational Therapy Adult Perceptual Screening Test (OT-APST)
Chapter 102: Ontario Society of Occupational Therapists Perceptual Evaluation
Chapter 103: Rivermead Perceptual Assessment Battery (RPAB)
Section XXI Work Rehabilitation
Chapter 104: Work Ability Index (WAI)
Chapter 105: Worker Role Interview 10.0 (WRI)
Appendix: Applied Statistics

Kevin Bortnick, OTD, OT/L is an occupational therapist, researcher, and author. He holds a clinical doctorate in occupational therapy from the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences in St. Augustine, Florida as well as a master’s degree from Barry University in Miami Shores, Florida. Raised in Michigan, where he received his undergraduate training in General Studies from the University of Michigan—Ann Arbor, he naturally enjoys the outdoors and conservation. He is currently involved in neurocognitive disorder-related research and is working on his next book. You can follow him on Facebook with the same name.

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