Guide to Alternative Medicine and the Digestive System

Anil Minocha, MD FACP FACG

Chapter 57: Role of Prebiotics and Probiotics in Cancer (continued)

KEY POINTS Although experimental data in animal models support the potential anticarcinogenic action of probiotics, there is a paucity of direct human data.1,2 Probiotics are helpful for the treatment and prevention of chemo- and radiation-induced diarrhea. Potential mechanisms of antitumor effects include alteration of physicochemical conditions in the colon, binding to potential carcinogens, production of short-chain fatty acids, production of antitumorigenic or antimutagenic substances, detoxification of carcinogens, enhancement of host immunity, and alteration of the host’s…