Probiotics: A Clinical Guide

Martin H. Floch, MD; Adam S. Kim, MD

Chapter 23: Probiotics In Liver Disease (continued)

Adam S. Kim, MD; Anish Sheth, MD

Liver disease is a broad term that implies liver dysfunction or damage, and covers anything from slight abnormalities in biochemical tests to cirrhosis and fulminant liver failure. The liver performs many functions including the formation and excretion of bile, regulation of carbohydrate homeostasis, lipid synthesis, control of cholesterol metabolism, formation of numerous proteins (such as albumin and clotting factors), and metabolism or detoxification of drugs and other substances.1 Abnormalities in any of these functions can be considered “liver disease.” Common symptoms…