Probiotics: A Clinical Guide

Martin H. Floch, MD; Adam S. Kim, MD

Chapter 15: Use Of Probiotics In The Treatment And Prevention Of Surgical Infections (continued)

Nada Rayes, MD; Peter Neuhaus, PhD; Daniel Seehofer, MD

During the past decades, the rate of bacterial infections following major abdominal surgery was essentially stable or even increased. Whereas infections caused by skin bacteria such as Staphylococcus spp. are more or less effectively controlled with single-shot antibiotic prophylaxis administered immediately before skin incision, infections from enteric bacteria are getting more and more important. We have learned from numerous animal and clinical studies that bacterial translocation from the gut into mesenteric lymph nodes, blood, liver, spleen, and other organs is one major pathogenic…