Probiotics: A Clinical Guide

Martin H. Floch, MD; Adam S. Kim, MD

Chapter 22: Probiotics Andhelicobacter Pylori (continued)

Adam S. Kim, MD

Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common pathogens in the world. It has infected humans for at least 3000 years, and traces of it have been found in the feces of mummified human remains from the South American Andes.1 It was first recognized in the late nineteenth century by Italian pathologists who found spiral bacteria in the stomach of dogs.2 In the early twentieth century, spiral bacteria were found in the stomach of humans.3 These bacteria did not grow in culture, were thought to be an oral contaminant, and were mostly forgotten until the 1980s. Barry Marshall and J. Robin Warren…