Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a common GI issue, and treatment is aimed at 3 areas: treating acute complications, healing the ulcer, and modifying underlying risk factors to prevent recurrence. The most life-threatening complications of PUD are intestinal perforation and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Clean base = 5%
Flat spot = 10%
Adherent clot = 25%
Nonbleeding visible vessel = 50%
Active bleeding = 55% to 90% Basu PP, Rayapudi K…