Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease

Alan Buchman, MD, MSPH

Chapter 2: Body Composition Analysis (continued)

William Cameron Chumlea, PhD; Khursheed N. Jeejeebhoy, MBBS, PhD, FRC

Overweight and obesity are major health problems, with a prevalence of between 20% and 50% reported for adult populations in Europe, the United States, and urban areas of lesser developed countries.1 In the United States, overweight and obesity are significant health problems for children also. Variation in the prevalence of overweight and obesity is affected by ethnicity, health and socioeconomic status, the definitions of overweight and obesity (Chapter 47), and body composition analysis methodology. There are always sound clinical reasons for a body-composition analysis or assessment, but…