Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease

Alan Buchman, MD, MSPH

Chapter 43: Pediatric Enteral Formulas (continued)

Timothy Sentonogo, MD

Growth in infants and children is a function of genetic potential and environmental influences, of which nutrition is the most important determinant.1 Normal growth and nutritional status in childhood is associated with health, function, and longevity in adulthood. Human milk is the ideal food for healthy and sick infants (ages birth to 1 year);2 therefore, the composition of commercial infant formulas is based on comparisons with breast milk. On the contrary, formulas used in pre-term and low-birthweight infants are specially constituted to a caloric density and micronutrient composition…