Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease

Alan Buchman, MD, MSPH

Chapter 29: Perioperative Nutritional Support (continued)

Andrew Ukleja, MD

The importance of nutritional support in the perioperative period has been well recognized. Malnutrition has been often observed in hospitalized surgical patients. Compromised nutritional status in the perioperative period has an adverse effect on surgical outcome including higher risk of nosocomial infections, poor wound healing, and slow functional recovery. Therefore, identification of patients at risk and optimization of nutritional status perioperatively is very important. Patients with severe malnutrition or rapid deterioration of nutritional status appear to be well-suited candidates…