Clinical Nutrition in Gastrointestinal Disease

Alan Buchman, MD, MSPH

Chapter 48: Control Of Food Intake (continued)

Allen S. Levine, PhD; Pawel K. Olszewski, PhD; Charles J. Billington, MD; Catherine M. Kotz, PhD

Eating is essential and, for most individuals, pleasant. Clinicians deal with the consequences of eating in their daily practice. The manner in which humans eat and the amount of food people ingest changes from birth to late years. Individuals have eating disorders, are allergic to foods, overeat (which leads to a series of obesity-related comorbidities), and need surgical procedures to stop them from eating or to help them receive the needed nutrients when there are assaults on their gastrointestinal (GI) tract. As is true of other behaviors, eating is primarily regulated by the brain…