GI and Liver Disease During Pregnancy: A Practical Approach

Kim L Isaacs, MD PhD; Millie D Long, MD MPH

Chapter 5: Constipation In Pregnancy (continued)

Yolanda V. Scarlett, MD; Kim L. Isaacs, MD, PhD; Millie D. Long, MD, MPH

Constipation is a common gastrointestinal disorder with a reported prevalence of up to 27% in the general population.1-4 The definition of constipation is symptom-based and may include infrequent bowel movements, incomplete evacuation, straining with defecation, lumpy or hard stools, and a sensation of obstruction or blockage of the anus or rectum with passage of stool. KEY POINTS •Constipation’s definition is symptom-based. •Symptoms include the following: ∞Infrequent bowel movements ∞Incomplete evacuation ∞Straining with defecation ∞Lumpy or hard…