Johns Hopkins Manual for GI Endoscopic Nurses, Third Edition

Mouen Khashab, MD; Toshunia Robinson, MD; Anthony Kalloo, MD

Chapter 1: The Changing World Of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (continued)

Libbie L. Monroe, BSN, RN, CGRN; Toshunia F. Robinson, RN, BSN

The beginnings of endoscopy are said to have taken place when Adolph Kussmaul placed a rigid tube into the stomach of a professional sword swallower in 1868. Rudolph Schindler, who is called the “father of endoscopy,” published the first textbook on gastroscopy in 1923. The first colonoscopy was performed in 1955 and 2 years later, fiberoptic endoscopy was introduced. In the third quarter of the 20th century, gastrointestinal endoscopy was considered to be a diagnostic modality. However, the performance of the first polypectomy in 1971 by Doctors Wolff and Shinya probably…