Clinical Challenges and Complications of IBD

Miguel D Regueiro, MD; Jason Swoger, MD MPH

Chapter 9: Eye Disease (continued)

Aaron S. Bancil, BSc (Hons); David G. Walker, BSC (Hons), MBBS, MD (Res), MRCP; Timothy R. Orchard, MA, MD, DM, FRCP

Eye disease has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) ever since Crohn recorded 2 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients suffering from corneal inflammation with conjunctivitis that resembled a “xerophthalmia.”1 They now include uveitis (limited to the anterior chamber of the eye), episcleritis (inflammation of the outermost layer of the collagenous shell surrounding the eye), scleritis (deeper inflammation of the collagenous shell), and conjunctivitis. Ocular complications can also be related to exposure to drugs such as corticosteroids, resulting in cataracts or…