Gut Instincts: A Clinician's Handbook of Digestive and Liver Diseases

Eric Esrailian, MD, MPH

Chapter 34: Hepatitis C (continued)

Ke-Qin Hu, MD

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem. Approximately 180 million people are infected by HCV worldwide. In the United States, the prevalence of HCV infection was 1.6%, or 4.1 million people, and 80% of them have ongoing infection. HCV-cirrhosis is the principal cause of death from liver disease and the leading indication for liver transplantation in the United States. Injection drug use is currently the primary risk for HCV transmission in the United States. Thus, all individuals who use or have used illicit injection drugs should be tested for HCV infection…