Extraesophageal Manifestations of GERD

Anthony J DiMarino Jr, MD; Sidney Cohen, MD

Chapter 7: Extraesophageal Manifestations in the Pediatric Population (continued)

Joan S. Di Palma, MD; Sheeja K. Abraham, MD; Rebecca O. Ramirez, MD, FAAP

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are among the most common issues addressed by pediatric gastroenterologists. All ages are affected, from the premature infant to the adolescent and young adult. However, the characteristics of GER vary the most in infants, who experience more frequent regurgitation and vomiting. Studies suggest that 3% to 10% of infants born prematurely (ie, birth weight < 1500 g) have GER.1 Fifty percent of 2-month-old infants regurgitate 2 times a day. At 1 year of age, only 1% of infants regurgitate 2 times a day. The prevalence…