Extraesophageal Manifestations of GERD

Anthony J DiMarino Jr, MD; Sidney Cohen, MD

Chapter 2: The Evaluation of Typical GERD (continued)

John O. Clarke, MD; Donald O. Castell, MD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common gastrointestinal indication for outpatient physician visits in the United States today,1 and it is estimated that nearly 20% of the population experiences symptoms on at least a weekly basis.2,3 Given the spectrum of symptoms and the massive number of people affected, it is impossible and unnecessary to institute a formal diagnostic evaluation in all symptomatic individuals; however, for some patients it is a necessity. As per the American Gastroenterological Association, GERD is defined as (1) a symptom complex attributable to…