Rhinoplasty is a surgical reshaping or restructuring of the nose for medical or cosmetic reasons. It is one of the most common forms of plastic surgery.
A plastic surgeon; maxillofacial surgeon; or an ear, nose and throat specialist may perform the procedure, depending on the reason for undergoing rhinoplasty.
The procedure can be used to help relieve breathing problems, such as those caused by a deviated septum. It is also used to correct birth defects and repair injuries to the nose. Many people undergo rhinoplasty to change the size of their nose, alter the shape of the tip or the bridge of the nose or to create facial balance through nasal symmetry.
The two types of rhinoplasty surgery consist of open or closed procedures. In a closed rhinoplasty procedure, all the incisions are made within the nose, whereas in an open rhinoplasty, the surgeon will make an incision across the columella, the narrow band of tissue between the nostrils.
Rhinoplasty is an outpatient procedure. Complications can include difficulty breathing, nosebleeds, uneven nasal features, nasal scarring, general numbness around the nose, nasal swelling and a hole in the septum. Possible side effects of the anesthesia include difficulty breathing and an adverse reaction to the anesthetic.