In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in adolescent medicine. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Black parents underreport autism concerns in their children

January 16, 2018
Black parents mentioned significantly fewer autism concerns as well as fewer repetitive, restricted and social behavior concerns in their children…
In the Journals

Routine HIV screening at age 25 improves clinical outcomes

January 16, 2018
A one-time routine HIV screening at 25 years of age was cost-effective and led to better clinical outcomes among teenagers and young adults without…
In the Journals

Maternal folic acid intake reduces risk for autistic traits in some children

January 12, 2018
Women who took an antiepileptic drug while pregnant had a five to eight times increased risk for having a child with autistic traits if they did not…
In the Journals

Viral suppression in HIV–positive teens, young women in Africa far below UNAIDS target

January 11, 2018
The prevalence of viral load suppression was well below UNAIDS targets in adolescent girls and young women in seven African nations between 2015 and…
In the JournalsPerspective

More than two-thirds of individuals who try smoking become daily smokers

January 10, 2018
Approximately 69% of individuals who ever tried a cigarette progressed — at least briefly —to daily smoking, according to a study…
In the Journals

Black children experience higher risk of mortality after surgery

January 10, 2018
Risk factors for mortality after surgery, including use of ventilation, oxygen support and wound infections, are more prevalent in black children…
In the Journals

Maternal acetaminophen use linked to language delay in girls

January 10, 2018
Girls born to women who used acetaminophen during the first 3 months of pregnancy were more likely to experience language delay at 30 months…
In the Journals

US childhood mortality rates lag behind other wealthy nations

January 8, 2018
Although childhood mortality declined across wealthy countries during a 50-year period, mortality rates in the United States have been higher than 19…
In the Journals

Pediatric eye injuries related to nonpowder guns increase nearly 170%

January 8, 2018

Eye injuries sustained by children from sports or recreational activities decreased slightly from 1990 to 2012; however, injuries caused by nonpowder

In the Journals

Despite progress made in polio eradication, initiative phaseout poses threat to at-risk countries

January 2, 2018
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative has been paramount in the near-eradication of polio; however, the dismantling of this program once…